According to the authors of Work Sharing
, however, the observed effect on employment may not be so straightforward.
is a reduction in working time to avoid lay-offs.
The widespread sense of having to earn enough to live a "normal" consumer lifestyle, one that is sold to us through advertising and reinforced by cultural norms, reflects the immense structural and social barriers to work sharing
that exist in industrialized growth-driven economies.
Instead of laying off these employees, the employer participating in the Work Sharing
Program keeps all 100 employees on the payroll, but reduces every employee's hours from five days to four days a week, thereby achieving the same 20 percent reduction in payroll.
* OUTCOMES MEASURED Outcomes assessed at 6 months postpartum included work commitments, household work sharing
, mental and physical health, and partner relationship.
The work sharing
scheme will cover 12 weeks with half-time work for approximately 1,200 employees.
Health, Labor and Welfare Minister Chikara Sakaguchi said Friday he will visit Germany in mid-January to observe how work sharing
is implemented there.
implemented work sharing
for 10 months from June 1999, but it is only recently that Japanese companies have started to consider adopting the system as a way to cut costs while maintaining employment.
Concerning (a), it is argued that work sharing
generally becomes a live issue only when there is "jobless growth"; in countries like the United States, with adequate job growth, work sharing
is not widely debated.
In addition, the time has come to think about a a very different policy: work sharing
, in which everyone's work hours are reduced so that the available work can be spread among larger numbers of people.
The language providing that the plan shall specify the effect that work sharing
will have on the fringe benefits of each employee in the affected unit, including health insurance for hospital, medical, dental, and similar services, and retirement benefits under benefit pension plans as defined in Section 3(35) of the federal Employee Retirement Income Security Act of 1974, is deleted.