withdrawal

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Related to Withdrawl: Withdrawal syndrome, withdrawal method

withdrawal

 [with-draw´al]
1. a pathological retreat from interpersonal contact and social involvement, as may occur in avoidant, schizoid, or schizotypal personality disorders.
2. the removal of something.
3. a substance-specific substance-induced disorder that follows the cessation of use or reduction in intake of a psychoactive substance that had been regularly used to induce a state of intoxication. Specific withdrawal syndromes include those for alcohol, amphetamines or similarly acting sympathomimetics, cocaine, nicotine, opioids, and sedatives, hypnotics, or antianxiety agents. Called also abstinence syndrome, withdrawal symptoms, and withdrawal syndrome.



The usual reactions to alcohol withdrawal are anxiety, weakness, gastrointestinal symptoms, nausea and vomiting, tremor, fever, rapid heartbeat, convulsions, and delirium (see also delirium tremens). Similar effects are produced by withdrawal of barbiturates and in this case convulsions occur frequently, often followed by psychosis with hallucinations. Treatment of withdrawal consists of providing a substitute drug such as a mild sedative, along with treatment of the symptoms as needed. Parenteral fluids are often required.
substance withdrawal withdrawal (def. 3).
withdrawal syndrome former name for withdrawal (def. 3).
thought withdrawal the delusion that someone or something is removing thoughts from one's mind.

with·draw·al

(with-draw'ăl),
1. The act of removal or retreat.
See also: withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal syndrome.
2. A psychological and/or physical syndrome caused by the abrupt cessation of the use of a drug in an habituated person.
See also: withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal syndrome.
3. The therapeutic process of discontinuing a drug to avoid the symptoms of withdrawal (2).
See also: withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal syndrome.
4. A pattern of behavior observed in schizophrenia and depression, characterized by a pathologic retreat from interpersonal contact and social involvement and leading to self-preoccupation.
See also: withdrawal symptoms, withdrawal syndrome.

withdrawal

(wĭth-drô′əl, wĭth-)
n.
1.
a. Discontinuance of the use of a drug or other substance, especially one that is addictive.
b. The physiological and mental reaction to such discontinuance, often characterized by distressing symptoms: is going through withdrawal from opioids.
2. Coitus interruptus.

withdrawal

The participant-/subject-/patient-initiated act of ending participation in a clinical study, which can range from complete withdrawal from study procedures and follow-up to withdrawal from study-related interventions, while permitting continued access to his or her medical records or identifiable information.

Per FDA regulations, when a subject withdraws from a study, the data collected on the subject to the point of withdrawal remain part of the study database and may not be removed.

withdrawal

Psychology A retreat from interpersonal contact, which may be a normal reaction–eg, to uncomfortable social situations or unemployment, or a sign of mental disorders–eg, schizophrenia, depression, bipolar disorder Substance abuse A specific constellation of signs and Sx due to the abrupt cessation of, or reduction in, regularly administered opioids; opioid withdrawal is characterized by 3 or more of the following Sx that develop within hrs to several days after abrupt cessation of the substance:
1. Dysphoric mood,.
2. N&V,.
3. muscle aches & abdominal cramps,.
4. lacrimation or rhinorrhea,.
5. pupillary dilation, piloerection or sweating,.
6. diarrhea,.
7. yawning,.
8. fever,.
9. insomnia. See Alcohol withdrawal syndrome, Physical dependence.

with·draw·al

(with-draw'ăl)
1. The act of removal or retreat.
2. A psychological and physical syndrome caused by the abrupt cessation of the use of a drug in a habituated person.
3. The therapeutic process of discontinuing a drug so as to avoid withdrawal (2).
4. A pattern of behavior observed in schizophrenia and depression, characterized by a pathologic retreat from interpersonal contact and social involvement and leading to self-preoccupation.
5. Synonym(s): coitus interruptus.

Withdrawal

Those side effects experienced by a person who has become physically dependent on a substance, upon decreasing the substance's dosage or discontinuing its use.

with·draw·al

(with-draw'ăl)
1. Act of removal or retreat.
2. Psychological and/or physical syndrome caused by abrupt cessation of use of a drug in an habituated person.
3. Therapeutic process of discontinuing a drug to avoid the symptoms of withdrawal.

Patient discussion about withdrawal

Q. ALCOHOL WITHDRAWAL what are the symtoms of it?

A. thank you dagmar--i hope this answer will help people to understand what this drug can do to you---peace---mrfoot56

Q. I may be healthier now, but miserable… I’ve not been smoking for a whole month (my longest period in the last decade), and I do feel a bit better physically, but it seems that I lost the joy of life – I don’t go out with my friends any more (because they’re all smokers), I envy other smokers, and generally I feel nervous and dull. Will it be like that forever or is there hope?

A. Well, try to think about what are you missing? The foul smell? The yellow teeth? The feeling of suffocating next morning? Whenever you feel longing to cigarettes, try to think again why you stopped smoking- and it’d help you to keep with it.

More discussions about withdrawal
References in periodicals archive ?
However, Islamabad apprehensions are valid to avoid another offensive theater from eastern fronta[euro]; it should be eliminated at the beginning.Conversely, India never wants withdrawl of USNATO forces from Afghanistan; to sustain pressure on Pakistan from both eastern and western borders, though; no significant response by Indian side has been registered in the support of Zarb e Azb.
And he was a surprise inclusion on the bench at Manchester City as Wagner wrestled with injuries to regular duo Mathias Zanka Jorgensen and Jonathan Hogg in addition to the late withdrawl of Aaron Mooy - who left the squad only the night before the game.
'I had important meetings with Prime Minister Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, PM Assitant on Revenue Haroon Akhter, Federal Minister for Industries and Production Ghulam Murtaza Khan Jatoi, Chairman NA Standing Committee on Finance, Revenue and Economic Affairs Qaiser Ahmed Sheikh, Chairman FBR and Member Customs FBR Zahid Khokhar and demanded total withdrawl of Regulatory Duty on imports.
Banks received a bye to the semi-finals following the withdrawl of Northallerton.
Okara -- The import of potato be immediately banned, the price of sugarcane must be raised to Rs.210/ per 40 kg, export tax on potato be ended, the decision of withdrawl of GST on tubewells and fine of late deposition of electric bills be enforced.
The RMT union is participating in putting up candidates to demand withdrawl from EU on the basis of fighting austerity.
The United States and other foreign donors have said that the poll is crucial for the country's future after the planned withdrawl of Nato-led troops next year.
They were joined by colleagues from public sector union Unison in what was thought to be the biggest withdrawl of labour since the General Strike.
RELIEVED Reivers supremo Steve Bates last night insisted there was no major injury alert over Chris Cusiter, despite his late withdrawl from the line-up before their scratchy victory in the European Challenge Cup opener in Italy.
Promoters Johnny Griffin and Shakespeare Promotions blame the withdrawl of several boxers for their decision to cancel the show in Leicester.
Sir Bobby Robson revealed he opted for an extra man in midfield following Alan Shearer's late withdrawl to counter Chelsea's Claude Makelele, (writes Miles Starforth).
Another version of the popular city runabout, the SportKa, was introduced to fill the void left by the withdrawl of one of the Blue Oval badge's best-loved models, the Puma.