Wisconsin Card Sorting Test


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Wisconsin Card Sorting Test

(wĭs-kŏn′sĭn),

WCST

A neuropsychiatric test in which subjects are asked to group a series of symbols by their form and color. The test and its adaptations are used to assess disorders that affect the frontal lobes of the brain, e.g., schizophrenia.
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Welsh, Pennington, and Groisser (1991) observed that most of the executive function tasks, such as Visual Search (Teuber, Battersby, & Bender, 1955); Verbal Fluency (McCarthy, 1972); Motor Planning (Golden, 1981); Tower of Honoi (Simon, 1975); Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST; Heaton, 1981); and Matching Familial Figures Test (Kagan, 1964) in children were uncorrelated with IQ.
Sweeney, "Prefrontal cortical dysfunction in depression determined by Wisconsin Card Sorting Test performance, " The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol.
Kremen et al., "Factor structure of the Wisconsin card sorting test: dimensions of deficit in schizophrenia," Neuropsychology, vol.
Latent structure of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test: a confirmatory factor analytic study.
A normative study of Nelson's (1976) modified version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test in healthy older adults.
Esses instrumentos foram os: (a) Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), instrumento desenvolvido para avaliar o raciocinio abstracto e a habilidade do individuo para mudar as estrategias cognitivas como resposta a eventuais modificacoes ambientais (Heaton, et al., 1997); (b) Trail Making Test (TMT), instrumento que avalia a atencao, a flexibilidade mental, a procura visual e funcao motora, formado por uma Parte A, cuja tarefa consiste em ligar com linhas 25 circulos numerados de 1 a 25, e uma Parte B, cuja tarefa consiste em unir circulos numerados de 1 a 12 alternados com letras de A a K (Reitan & Wolfson, 1985).
In the first session, the Toulouse-Pieron, Benton Visual Retention Test and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test were applied and lasted 30-45 minutes.
Since people with schizophrenia have prominent deficits in social problem solving, studies using the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST) [7] and other measures of problem solving or abstract reasoning may have particular relevance for questions about the generalizability of psychosocial interventions [8-11].

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