Human interventions are often not sustainable and many areas may be under threat--not just the less resilient ones--such as the tropics (Winiwarter
, W [N.sub.2]O release from agro bio-fuel production negates global warming reduction by replacing fossil fuels.
, "[N.sub.2]O release from agro-biofuel production negates global warming reduction by replacing fossil fuels," Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol.
Using the words of Winiwarter
et al., 'an environmental history of the kind we aimed to write requires two quite different sets of skills'.
Haberl, H., Fischer-Kowalski, M., Krausmann, F., Martinez-Alier, J., Winiwarter
provided the first description of a patient with thromboangiitis obliterans in 1879.
Erisman, J.W., Sutton, M.A, Galloway, J., Klimont, Z., Winiwarter
Therefore the use of first generation biofuel as a sustainable alternative to fossil fuels is questionable and has been the subject of debates (Crutzen, Mosier, Smith, and Winiwarter
Monte Carlo simulation methods are used to estimate uncertainty in inventories, such as for criteria pollutants, HAP, and greenhouse gases (e.g., Winiwarter
, Rypdal 2001).
Environmental history can also be considered in a more material fashion as 'the reconstruction of environmental conditions of the past' and 'the reconstruction how these conditions were perceived and interpreted by the then living humans' (Winiwarter
& Knoll, 2007).