Willowbrook State School

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An extended-care facility on Staten Island, in which a group of mentally-disabled children were intentionally inoculated, orally and by injection, with HBV, then monitored to gauge the effects of gamma globulin in combating it; the case led to the Willowbrook Consent doctrine (1972), that ruled that the mentally disabled have a right to protection from harm
References in periodicals archive ?
More than 35 years have passed since the investigative reporter Geraldo Rivera's documentary on Willowbrook State School in New York City revealed the gruesome and neglected conditions in which individuals with intellectual and physical disabilities lived.
In a similar spirit, Geraldo Rivera, using a smuggled key to gain entrance, exposed the horrifying conditions of Willowbrook State School for the mentally retarded on WABC-TV in 1972.
Among them are the studies of hepatitis induction at the Willowbrook State School for the mentally handicapped, cancer cell injections in elderly debilitated patients at the Jewish Chronic Disease Hospital, and the failure to treat patients in the Tuskegee Syphilis Study.
The outcry over notoriously harmful experiments on unconsenting subjects in places like the Tuskeegee Institute and the Willowbrook State School led in the early 1980s to protectionist federal regulations, following the recommendations of the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research.
The 204-acre campus, on the site of the former Willowbrook State School will be the largest of any college public or private -- within the New York City limits.
Willowbrook State School was a New York State-run institution that for forty years serviced people with mental disabilities.
A History and Sociology of the Willowbrook State School
The Willowbrook State School is an important part of the history of disabilities in the United States and is regarded by some as the "ground zero" of the disabilities civil rights movement.