Clearly, the conditions that create company whistle blowers
share common cultural elements, despite differences in detail.
The major obstacle to establishing a conceptual linkage between whistle blowing and PSM is the negative stereotype some people hold about whistle blowers. This view is illustrated by the former Reagan administration official who--charged with protecting whistle blowers--called them "malcontents" (Devine and Aplin 1986).
During the past decade, this void largely has been filled as researchers have studied samples of whistle blowers intensely, using sound descriptive and empirical research methods.
Research has shown that most whistle blowers are not disgruntled employees (Brabeck 1984; Glazer and Glazer 1987 and 1989; Miceli and Near 1992; Near and Miceli 1987).
Whistle blowers act on attitudes akin to the public-service ethic in another way, for it is well known that whistle blowing involves self-sacrifice.
When asked for information about why a whistle blower
spoke up, Glazer & Glazer reported that whistle-blowers made statements such as these:
It cannot guarantee the identity of the whistle blower
will remain concealed during the investigation but at least that person could draw comfort from the fact that they have the FSA's support.
Besides defending the dismissal process on behalf of the whistle blowers, the Chicago Teachers Union--whose attorneys were provided with a summary of the findings in this article and declined to comment on the specific cases they handled--argues that the job of every union is to protect its members.
This is necessary to assure whistle blowers and other staff that corrupt administrators, not whistle blowers, will be penalized under streamlined dismissal procedures.
During the launch, matters and procedures set out in whistle blowing policy were discussed especially those relating to protection of the whistle blower
(reporter) as well as case studies and issues which have been reported in some institutions around the world.
He was presiding over a meeting of the select committee on proposed whistle blower act at the Provincial Assembly Secretariat Peshawar.
He said that the whistle blower would also be a check to discourage commission and would ensure that whatever was indicated in the PC-I of any developmental scheme would have to be on ground.