Wharton's jelly


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Related to Wharton's jelly: allantois

jelly

 [jel´e]
a soft, coherent, resilient substance; generally, a colloidal semisolid mass.
cardiac jelly a gelatinous substance present between the endothelium and myocardium of the embryonic heart that transforms into the connective tissue of the endocardium.
contraceptive jelly a nongreasy jelly containing a spermicide, used in the vagina for prevention of conception.
petroleum jelly petrolatum.
Wharton's jelly the soft, jelly-like intracellular substance of the umbilical cord.

Wharton's jelly

[wôr′tənz]
Etymology: Thomas Wharton, English anatomist, 1614-1673; L, gelare, to congeal
a gelatinous mesenchymal tissue that remains when the embryonic body stalk blends with the yolk sac within the umbilical cord.

jelly

[L. gelare, to freeze]
A thick, semisolid, gelatinous mass.

contraceptive jelly

Water-soluble gel introduced into the vagina for the prevention of conception. It serves as a vehicle for spermicides.
See: contraceptive

mineral jelly

Petrolatum.

petroleum jelly

Petrolatum.

vaginal jelly

Water-soluble gel introduced into the vagina for therapeutic or contraceptive purposes.

Wharton's jelly

See: Wharton's jelly

Wharton's jelly

the soft, jelly-like intercellular substance of the umbilical cord; rich in hyaluronic acid.
References in periodicals archive ?
Propagation and differentiation of human Wharton's jelly stem cells on three-dimensional nanofibrous scaffolds.
Cardiac differentiation of human Wharton's jelly stem cells--experimental comparison of protocols.
Matrix cells from Wharton's jelly form neurons and glia.
Differentiation of Wharton's jelly primitive stromal cells into insulin-producing cells in comparison with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells.
The Wharton's jelly cells successfully grew over the course of a year, and the researchers found that the cells changed into neurons, which is a primary indication they can be used in treating diseases, the Collegian reported.
Encouraged by the success with animal cells, the Kansas State team then tried the same experiments on human Wharton's jelly cells.
The paucity of Wharton's jelly at the torsion sites was further illustrated by pale staining with Alcian blue, pH 2.
1,2,7-10] Additionally, focal deficiencies in Wharton's jelly may leave the cord without its structural integrity and predispose it to torsion and resultant vascular compromise.
Human Wharton's jelly mesenchymal stem cells maintain the expression of key immunomodulatory molecules when subjected to osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic differentiation in vitro: new perspectives for cellular therapy.
Transplantation of human umbilical mesenchymal stem cells from Wharton's jelly after complete transection of the rat spinal cord.