noma

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noma

 [no´mah]
gangrenous processes of the mouth or genitalia. In the mouth (cancrum oris, gangrenous stomatitis), it begins as a small gingival ulcer and results in gangrenous necrosis of surrounding facial tissues. The condition on the genitalia is called erosive balanitis in males and erosive vulvitis in females.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

no·ma

(nō'mă),
A gangrenous stomatitis, usually beginning in the mucous membrane of the corner of the mouth or cheek, and then progressing fairly rapidly to involve the entire thickness of the lips or cheek (or both), with conspicuous necrosis and complete sloughing of tissue; usually observed in poorly nourished children and debilitated adults, especially in poorer socioeconomic groups, and frequently preceded by another disease, for example, kala azar, dysentery, or scarlet fever. A similar process (n. pudendi, noma vulvae) also may involve the labia majora. Several organisms are usually found in the necrotic material, but fusiform bacilli, Borrelia organisms, staphylococci, and anaerobic streptococci are most frequently observed.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

noma

(nō′mə)
n.
A severe, often gangrenous inflammation of the lips and cheek or of the female genitals that often occurs following an infectious disease and is found most often in children who are malnourished or have poor hygiene.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

noma

Gangrenous stomatitis, cancrum oris ENT An acute necrotizing, polymicrobial infection of orofacial tissues seen in malnourished children, which rapidly erodes to deep tissue, exposing bone and teeth Microbiology Anaerobic fusospirochetes–eg,.Borrelia vincenti and Fusobacterium nucleatum, rarely, Bacteroides melaninogenicus and filiform gram-negative bacteria Treatment High dose IV penicillin; correct dehydration and malnutrition. See Herpes stomatitis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

no·ma

(nō'mă)
Gangrenous stomatitis with conspicuous necrosis and sloughing of tissue. Several organisms are usually found in the necrotic material, but fusiform bacilli, Borrelia organisms, staphylococci, and anaerobic streptococci are most frequently observed.
Synonym(s): stomatonecrosis.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

noma

See CANCRUM ORIS.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

no·ma

(nō'mă)
Gangrenous stomatitis, usually beginning in mucous membrane of corner of mouth or cheek, then progressing fairly rapidly to involve entire thickness of lips or cheek (or both), with conspicuous necrosis and complete sloughing of tissue; usually observed in poorly nourished children and debilitated adults, especially in poorer socioeconomic groups, and frequently preceded by another disease, e.g., kala azar, dysentery, or scarlet fever.
Synonym(s): cancrum oris.
[G. nomē, a spreading (sore)]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012