Results of the two neuropsychological tests used in this study (WRAT
and RAVLT) did not reveal significant cognitive decline for either group or significant differences in performance between the PD and control groups.
Table 1 Summary of Performance on WRAT
for the Independent Variables Independent Mean Standard Deviation Variables WRAT
arithmetic low cultural id 22.65 4.36 score high cultural id 23.10 4.30 WRAT
spelling low cultural id 26.11 4.93 score high cultural id 26.10 4.62 WRAT
arithmetic internal locus 23.84 4.52 score external locus 21.91 3.92 WRAT
spelling internal locus 26.45 5.00 score external locus 25.76 4.53 WRAT
arithmetic threat 22.65 4.06 score no threat 23.10 4.60 WRAT
spelling threat 25.46 4.74 score no threat 26.75 4.74 Table 2 Means and Standard Deviations by Conditions for Spelling cultural id locus of threat Mean Std.
More recently, the DOD has released the results of the Web Risk Assessment Team (WRAT
ponne cwaep se pe pas boc wrat
paet hio waere torbegete.
(6) The following examples are typical: |I wrat
twyes'; |I forseyng to beryght necessari to aduertise your honor' (sig.
Similarly, the mean standard score of CAL/WP-MD students was 85.88 on the Arithmetic subtest of the Wide Range Achievement Test 3 (WRAT
; Wilkinson, 1993).
Kinard (2001) explored this variable using the Harter Self-Perception Profile for Children and the Wide Range Achievement (WRAT
WAIS = Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale; WMS = Wechsler Memory Scale; WRAT
= Wechsler Reading Achievement Test.
Additionally, the WIAT-II presents the following type of task: The examiner says a word and asks the student to write the letter that goes with a specific sound heard in the word (for example: bat, write the letter that makes the /b/ sound), whereas the WRAT
(both Blue and Green forms) provides an opportunity for letter writing.
Achievement PP data Typical participant Variables: interviews, described as "17-year Bender Visual Motor test, old, white male." Babcock Story Recall, WISC Culture not addressed Block Design & Digit Span, PPVT, WRAT
, Gates- MacGinitie Reading Test 8.
(Canada) Numerous tests of general intelligence, visuospatial abilities, language, memory, and achievement were performed (eg, WISC-R, WRAT
Word recognition was measured by the Wide Range Achievement Test Reading subtest score (WRAT
3; Jastak & Wilkinson, 1993).