WHO essential medicines list

WHO essential medicines list (EML)

A list, first published in 1977 and regularly revised thereafter, of drugs considered more important than the generality of medication and that, ideally, should be accessible to all populations.

Currently, the EML contains 309 drugs, as follows: abacavir; acetazolamide; acetylcysteine; acetylsalicylic acid; aciclovir; albendazole; alcuronium; allopurinol; aluminium diacetate; aluminium hydroxide; amidotrizoate; amikacin; amiloride; aminophylline; amitriptyline; amoxicillin; amoxicillin + clavulanic acid; amphotericin B; ampicillin; anti-D immunoglobulin (human); antitetanus immunoglobulin (human); antivenom sera; artemether; artemether + lumefantrine; artesunate; ascorbic acid; asparaginase; atenolol; atropine; atropine; azathioprine; barium sulfate; BCG vaccine (dried); beclometasone; benzathine benzylpenicillin; benznidazole; benzoic acid + salicylic acid; benzoyl peroxide; benzyl benzoate; benzylpenicillin; betamethasone; biperiden; bleomycin; bupivacaine; calamine lotion; calcium folinate; calcium gluconate; capreomycin; captopril; carbamazepine; ceftazidime; ceftriaxone; charcoal activated; chloral hydrate; chlorambucil; chloramphenicol; chlorhexidine; chlorine base compound; chlormethine; chloroquine; chloroxylenol; chlorphenamine; chlorpromazine; ciclosporin; cimetidine; ciprofloxacin; cisplatin; clindamycin; clofazimine; clomifene; clomipramine; clonazepam; cloxacillin; coal tar; codeine; colchicine; copper-containing intrauterine device; cromoglicic acid; cyclophosphamide; cycloserine; cytarabine; dacarbazine; dactinomycin; dapsone; daunorubicin; deferoxamine; desmopressin; dexamethasone; dextran 70; dextromethorphan; diaphragms with spermicide (nonoxinol); diazepam; didanosine; diethylcarbamazine; diethyltoluamide; digoxin; diloxanide; dimercaprol; diphteria-pertussis-tetanus vaccine; diphtheria antitoxin; diphtheria-tetanus vaccine; dithranol; DL-methionine; dopamine; doxorubicin; doxycycline; efavirenz; eflornithine; ephedrine; epinephrine; epinephrine; ergocalciferol; ergometrine; ergotamine; erythromycin; ethambutol; ethanol; ether, anaesthetic; eEthinylestradiol; ethionamide; ethosuximide; etoposide; factor IX complex (coagulation factors II, VII, IX, X) concentrate; factor VIII concentrate; ferrous salt + folic acid; fluconazole; flucytosine; fludrocortisone; fluorescein; fluorouracil; fluphenazine; folic acid; furosemide; gentamicin; gentamicin; glibenclamide; glucose with sodium chloride; glucose; glutaral; glyceryl trinitrate; griseofulvin; haloperidol; halothane; heparin sodium; hepatitis B vaccine; hydralazine; hydrochlorothiazide; hydrocortisone; hydrocortisone; hydrocortisone; hydroxocobalamin; ibuprofen; idoxuridine; imipenem + cilastatin; immunoglobulin, normal human; indinavir; influenza vaccines; insulin injection, soluble; insulin, intermediate-acting; intraperitoneal dialysis solution; iodine; iohexol; iopanoic acid; ipecacuanha; ipratropium bromide; iron dextran; isoniazid; isoniazid + ethambutol; isoprenaline; isosorbide dinitrate; ivermectin; kanamycin; ketamine; lamivudine; levamisole; levodopa + carbidopa; levofloxacin; levonorgestrel; levonorgestrel + ethinylestradiol; levothyroxine; lidocaine; lidocaine; lithium carbonate; magnesium hydroxide; magnesium sulfate; mannitol; measles-mumps-rubella vaccine; mebendazole; medroxyprogesterone acetate (depot); mefloquine; meglumine antimonite; meglumine iotroxate; melarsoprol; meningococcal vaccines; mercaptopurine; metformin; methotrexate; methyldopa; methylrosanilinium chloride (gentian violet); methylthioninium chloride (methylene blue); metoclopramide; metronidazole; metronidazole; miconazole; morphine; nalidixic acid; naloxone; nelfinavir; neomycin + bacitracin; neostigmine; nevirapine; niclosamide; nicotinamide; nifedipine; nifurtimox; nitrofurantoin; nitrous oxide; norethisterone; norethisterone + ethinylestradiol; norethisterone enantate; nystatin; nystatin; nystatin; ofloxacin; oral rehydration salt formulations; oxamniquine; oxygen; oxytocin; p-aminosalicylic acid; paracetamol; penicillamine; pentamidine; permethrin; pethidine; phenobarbital; phenoxymethylpenicillin; phenytoin; phytomenadione; pilocarpine; podophyllum resin; poliomyelitis vaccines; polygeline; polyvidone-iodine; potassium chloride; potassium ferric hexacyanoferrate (Prussian blue); potassium iodide; praziquantel; prazosin; prednisolone; prednisolone; primaquine; procainamide; procaine benzylpenicillin; procarbazine; proguanil; promethazine; propranolol; propyliodone; propylthiouracil; protamine sulfate; pyrantel; pyrazinamide; pyridostigmine; pyridoxine; pyrimethamine; quinidine; quinine; rabies immunoglobulin; rabies vaccines; reserpine; rRetinal; riboflavin; rifampicin; rifampicin + isoniazid + pyrazinamide; rifampicin + isoniazid + pyrazinamide + ethambutol; rifampicin + isoniazid; ritonavir; ritonavir + lopinavir; rubella vaccines; salbutamol; salbutamol; salicylic acid; saquinavir; selenium sulphide; senna; silver nitrate; silver sulfadiazine; sodium calcium edetate; sodium chloride; sodium fluoride; sodium hydrogen carbonate; sodium lactate, compound solution; sodium nitrite; sodium nitroprusside; sodium thiosulfate; spectinomycin; spironolactone; stavudine; streptokinase; streptomycin; sulfadiazine; sulfadoxine + pyrimethamine; sulfamethoxazole + trimethoprim; sulfasalazine; sun protection agent with activity against ultraviolet A and ultraviolet B; suramin sodium; suxamethonium; tamoxifen; testosterone; tetracaine; tetracycline; theophylline; thiamine; thioacetazone + isoniazid; thiopental; timolol; trimethoprim; tropicamide; tuberculin, purified protein derivative (PPD); Typhoid vaccines; urea; valproic acid; vancomycin; vecuronium; verapamil; vinblastine; vincristine; warfarin; water for injection; yellow fever vaccines; zidovudine.

Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The AWaRe tool was developed by the WHO Essential Medicines List to contain rising resistance and make antibiotic use safer and more effective.
Miltefosine was included in the WHO essential medicines list as an anti-leishmaniasis medicine in March 2011, added the company.
The reappointment marks Kearns' third consecutive four-year term as a member of the WHO panel, which evaluates medications for inclusion on both the WHO Essential Medicines List and the Essential Medicines List for children.
In 1985, ketamine was placed on the WHO Essential Medicines List and was recently described as for sedation of both children and adults perhaps the most widely used agent in the world.
The WHO Essential Medicines List (EML) is used by many countries to increase access to medicines and guide decisions about which products they ensure are available for their populations.

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