Fructose consumption: potential mechanisms for its effects to increase visceral adiposity
and induce dyslipidemia and insulin resistance.
There was also about a 40 per cent increase in visceral adiposity
, fat around the belly and the organs inside the abdominal cavity, which is considered particularly unhealthy in adolescents with the upward versus downward BMI trajectory.
" The study did not account for change in BMI over the course of follow-up, nor did it use data on fat distribution or the degree of visceral adiposity
, the researchers noted.
Lee and colleagues (2013) agree that the use of aerobic exercise among obese adolescents reduces visceral adiposity
. In their study, 44 African Americans and Caucasian obese girls ages 12 to 18 years were randomized to a program of either aerobic exercise, resistance exercise, or no exercising groups without calorie restriction for 3 months.
Clinical significance of visceral adiposity
assessed by computed tomography: A Japanese perspective.
The visceral adiposity
index (VAI) is proposed to be a simple and low-cost tool for the evaluation of adipose tissue dysfunction and its associated cardiometabolic risk in adult population (5).
The maternal high fat diet also increased the visceral adiposity
of neonatal rats and the serum cholesterol.
 It showed total adiposity is superior to visceral adiposity
in developing insulin resistance.
is associated with cardiovascular risk factors and increased cardiovascular risk.
In addition, the visceral adiposity
index (VAI) and subcutaneous adiposity index (SAI) were calculated by dividing the surface area of these tissues at the L3 level by height squared.
reported that depressive symptoms may increase cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk by increasing visceral adipocytes in middle-aged women.28 However, waist circumference is not a good indicator for visceral adiposity
and is highly correlated with BMI (r=0.93).
Lipid accumulation product and visceral adiposity
index are effective markers for identifying the metabolically obese normal-weight phenotype.