Virtual Water


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The volume of fresh water used to produce a particular product, measured at the place where it was actually produced
References in periodicals archive ?
Expressed in terms of export opportunity costs, more than 45 Million TND a year is spent subsidising virtual water exported along with the olive oil exports.
We're moving a lot of virtual water around the world and not policing it in an efficient, organized way.
To tackle this challenge, AFED report recommends policy options including improving crop and water productivity, recycling and use of treated wastewater, minimizing the high level of post-harvest losses, developing other high-quality sources of proteins such as fisheries, considering the concept of virtual water in national planning to foster cross-border cooperation, and regional cooperation based on the comparative advantage in agricultural and financial resources of different countries.
In March, eight hours of torrential rain transformed neighbourhoods in the Jebel Ali area into a virtual water world, damaging properties due to gushing floodwaters accompanied by mud.
2 of a UNESCO-IHE Institute for Water Education document authored by Chapagain and Hoekstra (referred to herein as "Report 16") giving global averages of the virtual water content of selected foods: http://waterfootprint.
As such, Jordan imports about 7 billion cubic meters (m 3 ) of virtual water annually compared to 1 billion m 3 withdrawn from domestic water sources per year.
What used to be a talking point over the virtual water coolers of Facebook and Twitter has lost its sparkle.
According to the Virtual Water Theory, water-stressed nations should switch to high-yield, less water-intensive crops.
examine the relationship between water demands and agricultural output through virtual water analysis
The first section discusses how the physical settings of the Yellow River relate to the use of virtual water transfers that describe the hydrological aspects of water security in the book.
According to Vanham & Bidoglio (2013), coffee and cocoa are two water intensive products that have elevated virtual water contents.