Viperidae


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Related to Viperidae: Elapidae, Colubridae

Vi·per·i·dae

(vī-per'i-dē),
A family of poisonous Old World snakes, the true vipers, composed of about 50 species and characterized by two relatively long caniculated fangs at the front of the upper jaw that are attached to movable bones, allowing them to be erect during the bite when the mouth is open, and folded into a palatal skin fold when the jaws are shut.
[L. vipera, viper]

Viperidae

(vī-per′ĭ-dē) [L. vipera, snake or serpent + -idea]
The scientific name for a family of venomous snakes found nearly worldwide, having long, hinged fangs allowing deep penetration and injection of venom. The family includes the European viper, gaboon viper, puff adder, Russel viper, and saw-scaled viper.
References in periodicals archive ?
Natural history of the terciopelo Bothrops asper (Serpentes: Viperidae) in Costa Rica.
Currently, only the complete amino acid sequence of an [alpha]-chain of Viper (Vipera aspis) a member of family Viperidae hemoglobin is available (Girons, 1980).
This antivenom contains a mixture of horse-origin immunoglobulin fragments effective against three snakes from the Viperidae family: Macrovipera Lebetina, Montivipera Xanthina, and Vipera Ammodytes.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential antibacterial activity of crude snake venom from snake species of the genera Bothrops, Bothropoides and Rhinocerophis of the family Viperidae on S.
A total of 120 swabs, oral and cloacal, were taken from 16 individuals of both Viperidae and Colubridae families.
Neurotoxic s[PLA.sub.2]s are mainly found in the Elapidae (kraits, elapids, and coral snakes) and Viperidae (vipers and rattlesnakes).
Las familias mas representativas fueron Colubridae y Teiidae (18,5% del total de especies registradas), mientras que las familias Anomalepididae, Corytophanidae, Gekkonidae, Iguanidae, Leptotyphlopidae, Phyllodactylidae, Scincidae y Viperidae presentaron solamente una especie, donde cada una representa el 3,5% de la riqueza total.
melanogaster * ** Atractus titanicus * ** Colubridae Tantilla melanocephala ** Chironius exoletus ** Leptotyphlopidae Trilepida joshuai * ** Elapidae Micrurus mipartitus ** Viperidae Bothriechis schlegelii ** TAXA Colibries Pavas Corredor Pastizal Corredor ORDEN SQUAMATA SUBORDEN LACERTILIA Dactyloidae Anolis ventrimaculatus * 4 Anolis antonii * 3 Anolis eulaemus 2 Gymnopthalmidae Anadia rhombiphera 2 1 Gymnopthalmus sp 1 1 Sphaerodactylidae Lepidoblepharis duolepis * 1 SUBORDEN SERPENTES Dipsadidae Erythrolamprus epinephelus 3 Leptodeira annulata 1 Dipsas pratti 1 Atractus cf.
Viperid (family Viperidae) venom proteins belong to only a few major protein families, including enzymes and proteins without enzymatic activity [4].
Alteraciones morfologicas en la membrana de eritrocitos provocadas por venenos ofidicos de la familia Viperidae. http://www.unne.edu.ar/Web/cyt/ com2004/index.htm
Colombia es un pais megadiverso con una representacion parcial de 70 generos y 247 especies de serpientes, de las cuales 47 son venenosas y estan incluidas en dos familias, la Viperidae y la Elapidae, con siete y cuatro generos respectivamente, siendo las serpientes pertenecientes a la familia Viperidae las de mayor interes epidemiologico debido a que son las causantes del 90-95 % de los casos de accidentes ofidicos en Colombia tanto en humanos como en animales (8,10,19).
Las serpientes venenosas colombianas pertenecen a dos familias, la familia Viperidae (viperidos), que agrupa a todas las viboras verdaderas, y la familia Elapidae (elapidos) que reune a las llamadas serpientes de coral o coralillos (2-4).