Viperidae


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Related to Viperidae: Elapidae, Colubridae

Vi·per·i·dae

(vī-per'i-dē),
A family of poisonous Old World snakes, the true vipers, composed of about 50 species and characterized by two relatively long caniculated fangs at the front of the upper jaw that are attached to movable bones, allowing them to be erect during the bite when the mouth is open, and folded into a palatal skin fold when the jaws are shut.
[L. vipera, viper]

Viperidae

(vī-per′ĭ-dē) [L. vipera, snake or serpent + -idea]
The scientific name for a family of venomous snakes found nearly worldwide, having long, hinged fangs allowing deep penetration and injection of venom. The family includes the European viper, gaboon viper, puff adder, Russel viper, and saw-scaled viper.
References in periodicals archive ?
Entre los reptiles venezolanos, solo las familias Elapidae y Viperidae, incluyen serpientes cuyos venenos son capaces de provocar alteraciones fisiopatologicas que pueden conducir a la muerte del paciente (Navarrete et al.
Las serpientes venenosas colombianas pertenecen a dos familias, la familia Viperidae (viperidos), agrupa a las viboras verdaderas y la familia Elapidae (elapidos) son las serpientes de coral o coralitos.
Las ponzonas procedentes de la familia Viperidae causan principalmente hemorragia, edema, mionecrosis y disturbios en la coagulacion, siendo la incidencia mundial anual de mordedura por serpientes de 5 millones de habitantes (Chippaux y Goyffon, 1991) con calculos de muertes estimados entre 60 a 80 mil (Warrell, 1996).
Pharmacological perspective of snake venoms from Viperidae Family.
Estas serpientes utilizan sus venenos para atacar e inmovilizar a sus presas y facilitar asi su ingestion y digestion; pertenecen a las familias Colubridae ("boomslang", serpiente del vino), Elapideae (cobra, mamba, coral), Hydrophiidae (serpientes marinas), Viperidae (serpientes del viejo mundo: viboras, "puff adder") y Crotalidae (boca de algodon, cascabel).
taxispilota Georgia Camp (1980) North Carolina Collins (1969) Seminatrix pygaea Florida Parker (1941) Viperidae Agkistrodon piscivorus Louisiana Rabalais (1969) leucostoma A.
Las serpientes de la familia Viperidae, entre las que se encuentran las de cascabel, las viboras cobrizas y las mocasin (o vivoras de agua), son la causa de cerca del 99 por ciento de las mordeduras de serpiente en Estados Unidos.
Os elementos faunisticos de repteis sao escassos, ocorrendo algumas vertebras de serpentes pertencentes as familias Colubridae e Viperidae, assim como fragmentos de ossos craniais de cagados que sao muito comuns na regiao.
The highly accessible text describes the behavior and care in captivity of venomous snakes from the Elapidae family (cobras, kraits, coral snakes); Viperidae family (adders, vipers); and Crotalidae family (pitvipers).
The ability of pitvipers (family Viperidae, subfamily Crotalinae) to detect thermal (infrared) cues arising from endothermic prey is well documented, especially during the initial (prestrike) stages of predatory episodes (see Molenaar, 1992, for a review).