Vicq d'Azyr

Vicq d'A·zyr

(vēk dah-zēr'),
Félix, French anatomist, 1748-1794. See: Vicq d'Azyr bundle, Vicq d'Azyr centrum semiovale, Vicq d'Azyr foramen.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Para el caso de la region subcortical, y mas especificamente los tractos de la sustancia blanca en el ser humano, la historia registra que en 1669 Marcelo Malpighi (1628-1694) demostro que la sustancia blanca estaba compuesta de fibras; en 1671, el beato Niels Steensen (16381686), utilizando el metodo de legrado, estudio los tractos de sustancia blanca siguiendo su recorrido, este metodo fue realizado tambien con exito por Raymon Vieussens en 1685 y Felix Vicq d'Azyr en 1786 (Guillery, 2000).
Many, like the medical reformer Vicq d'Azyr, saw chances to campaign for changes that would give scientists more autonomy and influence on public policy.
With twenty-twenty hindsight, Felix Vicq D'Azyr, one of the original founders of the Royal Society of Medicine in 1776 and an ardent proponent of anatomical education in the decade following the Revolution, assessed the reasons for the stagnancy of anatomical study over the previous decades.
In Vicq D'Azyr's words, the science of anatomy exhibited the signs of an ailing body of knowledge with little interest for amateurs who demanded of science "l`elegance et la mobilite du spectacle" -- the elegance and mobility of spectacle.
The problem, according to D'Azyr, was that the typical eighteenth-century spectator expected from science the sort of art that entertained in the same way as the sensational monster sightings or wild-child incidents that preoccupied not just the physicians and surgeons but also the general public in the eighteenth-century.(17) While the demanding nature of anatomical study, dramatized so eloquently by Vicq D'Azyr, had not impeded surgery's rise from craft to liberal profession over the course of the early eighteenth century, common modes of observing anatomy were insufficient for the specialized and even "foreign" (etrangere) science that was surgery at the end of the century.
LaRoche's distinction between eyes that fail to see, or common observation, and the mind's eye, observation proper to the specialized science of surgery, lends definition and clarity to Vicq D'Azyr's criticism of late eighteenth-century anatomical spectators while reinforcing the differentiation between surgery as profession and surgery as handicraft so crucial to the opponents of surgery during the earlier part of the century.