Vibrio vulnificus


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Related to Vibrio vulnificus: Vibrio parahaemolyticus

Vib·ri·o vul·ni·f'i·cus

a species capable of causing gastroenteritis and cutaneous lesions that may result in fatal septicemia, especially in a cirrhotic or immunocompromised patient; usually contracted from contaminated oysters; also a cause of wound infections, especially those associated with handling of shellfish.

Vibrio vulnificus

CDC group EF-3 Bacteriology A bacterium of brackish or salt water, which may contaminate oysters, and be part of the normal marine flora; may cause wound infections and septicemia, possibly also gastroenteritis 2º to exposure to contaminated water or seafood Clinical V vulnificus is a virulent noncholera vibrio; it may rarely cause acute, self-limited gastroenteritis in those receiving antibiotics; major clinical forms:
1. compromised hosts–eg, Pts with cirrhosis, V vulnificus crosses the GI mucosa, passes into the circulation and causes fever, chills, hypotension and, in most Pts, metastatic skin lesions within 36 hrs, by erythema, hemorrhagic vesicles and bullae, necrotic ulcers; the condition is fatal in12;.
2. in otherwise healthy persons, V vulnificus may cause intense cellulitis, necrotizing vasculitis and ulceration, which requires debridement Management Tetracycline; penicillin, chloramphenicol. Cf Vibrio cholerae.

Vib·ri·o vul·nif·i·cus

(vib'rē-ō vŭl-nif'i-kŭs)
A bacterial species capable of causing cutaneous lesions in an immunocompromised patient; usually contracted from contaminated oysters; also a cause of wound infections.
References in periodicals archive ?
Multiple Vibrio vulnificus strains in oysters as demonstrated by clamped homogeneous electric field gel electrophoresis.
While the Vibrio alginolyticus and Vibrio vulnificus can be found in brackish, warm waters, Vibrio parahaemolyticus live in saltier waters.
Environmental occurrence and clinical impact of Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus: a European perspective.
The person who died in Virginia suffered an infection from the vibrio vulnificus bacteria.
Jahncke, "Comparison of Kinetic Models To Describe High Pressure and Gamma Irradiation Used To Inactivate Vibrio vulnificus and Vibrio parahaemolyticus Prepared in Buffer Solution and in Whole Oysters," Journal of Food Protection, vol.
Clinical manifestations and molecular epidemiology of Vibrio vulnificus infections in Denmark.
Doctors say he tested positive for the flesh-eating bacterium Vibrio vulnificus. The British Medical Journal reports that the pathogen is common in the Gulf of Mexico's coastal waters, and the risks of infection rises during warmer months.
Griffitt et al., "Ecology of vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio vulnificus in the coastal and estuarine waters of Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, and Washington (United States)," Applied and Environmental Microbiology, vol.
First place went to Amy Judkins, a student at Florida A&M University College of Law, for her paper, "Taking it to the Bank: Creating a New Constitutional Standard and Using Blue Carbon Banking to Compensate the Miccosukee Tribe for the Federal 'Taking' of Their Tribal Lands." Second place was awarded to Felicia Thomas, also a student at Florida A&M University College of Law, who wrote "Of Life and Limb: The Failure of Florida's Water Quality Criteria to Test for Vibrio Vulnificus in Coastal Waters and the Need for Enhanced Criteria, Regulation, and Notification to Protect Public Health."