Vibrio

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Related to Vibrio infections: Vibrio vulnificus

Vibrio

 [vib´re-o]
a genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, motile, straight or curved rod-shaped bacteria. V. cho´lerae is the etiologic agent of Asiatic cholera; V. metschniko´vii causes gastroenteritis; V. parahaemoly´ticus causes gastroenteritis due to the consumption of raw or improperly cooked seafood (especially in Japan); and V. vulni´ficus causes septicemia and cellulitis in persons who have consumed raw seafood.

vibrio

 [vib´re-o]
an organism of the genus Vibrio, or other spiral motile organism.
cholera vibrio Vibrio cholerae.
noncholera v's a group of microorganisms that are similar to Vibrio cholerae but differ from it immunologically and having variable pathogenic properties. Many that were isolated from water or from the feces of individuals with mild diarrheal disease have been named for the place of their discovery, such as V. danu´bicus, V. ghin´da, and V. massau´ah.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Vibrio

(vib'rē-ō),
A genus of motile (occasionally nonmotile), nonsporeforming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic, gram-negative bacteria (family Spirillaceae) containing short (0.5-3.0 mcm), curved or straight rods that occur singly or which are occasionally united into S-shapes or spirals. Motile cells contain a single polar flagellum; in some species, two or more flagella occur in one polar tuft. Some of these organisms are saprophytes in salt and fresh water and in soil; others are parasites or pathogens. The type species is Vibrio cholerae.
[L. vibro, to vibrate]

vib·ri·o

(vib'rē-ō),
A member of the genus Vibrio.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

vibrio

(vĭb′rē-ō′)
n. pl. vibri·os
Any of various short, motile, S-shaped or comma-shaped bacteria of the genus Vibrio, especially V. cholerae, which causes cholera.

vib′ri·oid′ (-oid′) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Vib·ri·o

(vib'rē-ō)
A genus of motile (in some instances nonmotile), non-spore-forming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic, gram-negative bacteria containing short curved or straight rods that occur singly or are occasionally united into S shapes or spirals. Some of these organisms are saprophytes in water and soil; others are parasites or pathogens. The type species is V. cholerae.
[L. vibro, to vibrate]

vib·ri·o

(vib'rē-ō)
A member of the genus Vibrio.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

Vibrio

A genus of curved, motile, GRAM NEGATIVE organisms that contains the bacillus, Vibrio cholerae that causes CHOLERA.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

vibrio

a curved or comma-shaped BACTERIUM. A genus of Gram-negative bacteria (see GRAM'S STAIN that are FACULTATIVE anaerobes and include some important PATHOGENS, such as Vibrio cholerae, the causative agent of CHOLERA.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Vibrio infections aside from cholera are not reportable in most European countries, and the lack of epidemiologic data on vibriosis is a problem outside Sweden and Finland.
In 2013, compared with 2010-2012, the estimated incidence of infection was unchanged overall, lower for Salmonella, and higher for Vibrio infections, which have been increasing in frequency for many years.
Since 1988, the CDC has maintained a voluntary surveillance system for culture-confirmed Vibrio infections in Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas.
Vibrio infections are diagnosed by culture of wound, blood, or stool specimens.
The spate of Vibrio infections soon after Hurricane Katrina is probably attributable to people's increased contact with brackish seawater, Dechet says.
Monitoring is critical, given the projected increase in SST in the future and the potential severity of Vibrio infections (Lindgren et al.
During winter 2014 and into the early spring 2015, we became aware of an unusual number of reported Vibrio infections in northern Europe.
(4) The Centers for Disease Control estimates that the average annual incidence of all Vibrio infections increased by 41% between 1996 and 2005.
The epidemiology of Vibrio infections in Florida, 1981-1993.
All Vibrio infections are nationally notifiable in the United States.