Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis

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Ven·e·zu·e·lan e·quine en·ceph·a·lo·my·e·li·tis (VEE),

a form of mosquito-borne equine encephalomyelitis found in parts of South America, Panama, and Trinidad, caused by the Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus (a species of Alphavirus in the family Togaviridae), and characterized by less central nervous system involvement than occurs in either eastern or western equine encephalomyelitis; fever, diarrhea, and depression are common; in humans, fever and severe headache occur after an incubation period of 2-5 days, and in a few cases there has been central nervous system involvement.
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References in periodicals archive ?
(38.) Linthicum KJ, Gordon SW, Mnnath TE Comparative infections of epizootic and enzootic strains of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus in Amblyomma cajennense (Acari: Ixodidae).
Persistence in humans of antibody to subtypes of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis (VEE) virus after immunization with attenuated (TC-83) VEE virus vaccine.
Virological and serological studies of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis in humans.
(5.) Bigler WJ, Vcntura AK, Lewis AL, Wellings FM, Ehrenkranz NJ, Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis in Florida: endemic virus circulation in native rodent populations of Everglades hammocks.
As reported, in addition to their known role as biologic vectors of rabies to humans and domestic animals and surra (Trypanosoma evansi) to horses and cattle, Vampire Bats can also be temporary biologic as well as mechanical vectors of Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus and foot-and-mouth disease.