However, previous studies have focused mainly on ischemic stroke; the data on hemorrhage stroke are scarce. It is commonly believed that patients with CHD have an increased likelihood of peripheral vascular malformation
. We found six cases of hemorrhagic stroke secondary to intervention for CHD and two patients with a clear diagnosis of neurovascular malformation.
They are estimated to be 10-15% of all vascular malformations
of the central nervous system .
Repeat cesarean delivery increases the risk of abnormal placentation and predisposes to vascular malformations
represent the most frequent cause of obscure digestive bleeding (GIB), including a large spectre of entities, some of which are life -threatening (Bull-Henry & Al-Kawas 2013).
CT scan and skull radiograph may show the characteristic gyriform intracranial "tramline," or "tram-track" or "trolley-track," calcifications located in the cortex underlying the leptomeningeal vascular malformations
, cerebral atrophy, and enlargement of the medullary and subependymal veins and the choroid plexus.
Prevalence of deep venous anomalies in congenital vascular malformations
of venous predominance.
Double aortic arch is a rare congenital vascular malformation
, but it still causes many misdiagnoses of recurrent wheezing as asthma.
Then as the clinical presentation was not typical for either a congenital haemangioma or an IH, vascular malformation
was considered in the differential diagnosis.
Angiomatosis: a vascular malformation
of infancy and childhood.
KTS is a mixed vascular malformation
, with predominant capillary, venous, and lymphatic components, without significant arteriovenous shunting .
A head CT angiography (CTA) with contrast was then performed, which did not reveal an aneurysm or vascular malformation
Official sources at Burn Centre said that the surgeries included nerve injuries, fat grafting, facial reanimation, contracture, bone coverage flap, tendon repair and grafting and vascular malformation