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a genus of herpesviruses that infects both humans and animals; the most common species affecting humans is human herpesvirus 3, which causes chickenpox and herpes zoster.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

var·i·cel·la-·zos·ter vi·rus

a herpesvirus, morphologically identical to herpes simplex virus, that causes varicella (chickenpox) and herpes zoster in man; varicella results from a primary infection with the virus; herpes zoster results from secondary invasion by the same virus or by reactivation of infection which in many instances has been latent for many years.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

var·i·cel·la-zos·ter vi·rus

(var'i-sel'ă-zos'tĕr vī'rŭs)
A herpesvirus, morphologically identical to herpes simplex virus, which causes varicella (chickenpox) and herpes zoster; varicella results from a primary infection, herpes zoster from secondary invasion or by reactivation of infection that has been latent for years.
Synonym(s): chickenpox virus, herpes zoster virus, human herpesvirus 3, Varicellovirus.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Most herpesviruses of veterinary importance are found in the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, genus Varicellovirus. Betaherpesvirinae have a relatively slow replication cycle that is typically greater than 24 hours, have a narrow host range, cause slow destruction of cultured cells, produce infected cells that are enlarged and may contain cytoplasmic and nuclear inclusions, and establish latent infections in lymphatic tissue and secretory gland cells.
Included in the herpes viruses are the well-known simplex viruses, HSV 1 and HSV 2, but also the Varicellovirus (HHV 3), the Epstein Barr virus (EBV; HHV 4), the cytomegalovirus (CMV; HHV 5), HHV 6, HHV 7 (Roseolovirus) and HHV 8 (Rhadinovirus).
Bovine herpesviruses type 1 (BoHV-1) and 5 (BoHV-5) are important alphaherpesviruses of cattle, belonging to the family Herpesviridae, genus Varicellovirus (1).
Equine herpesvirus (EHV) 9, a varicellovirus in the subfamily Alphaherpesvirinae, is the newest member of the equine herpesviruses.