valgus

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talipes

 [tal´ĭ-pēz]
a deformity in which the foot is twisted out of normal position; see also clubfoot and see illustration. It may have an abnormally high longitudinal arch (talipes cavus) or it may be in dorsiflexion (talipes calcaneus), in plantar flexion (talipes equinus), abducted and everted (talipes valgus or flatfoot), adducted and inverted (talipes varus), or various combinations of these (talipes calcaneovalgus, talipes calcaneovarus, talipes equinovalgus, or talipes equinovarus).



There are several theories as to the cause of clubfoot. A familial tendency or arrested growth during fetal life may contribute to its development, or it may be caused by a defect in the ovum. It sometimes accompanies meningomyelocele as a result of paralysis. In mild clubfoot there are slight changes in the structure of the foot; more severe cases involve orthopedic deformities of both the foot and leg. Although clubfoot is usually congenital, an occasional case in an older child may be caused by injury or poliomyelitis.

Treatment varies according to the severity of the deformity. Milder cases may be corrected with casts that are changed periodically, the foot being manipulated into position each time the cast is changed so that it gradually assumes normal position. A specially designed splint may also be used, made of two plates attached to shoes with a crossbar between the plates and special set screws so that the angulation of the foot can be changed as necessary. More severe deformities require surgery of the tendons and bones, followed by the application of a cast to maintain proper position of the joint.
Talipes.

val·gus

(val'gŭs), This form of the adjective is used only with masculine nouns (hallux valgus, plural halluces valgi). With feminine nouns the form valga is used (coxa valga, plural coxae valgae), and with neuter nouns the form valgum (genu valgum, plural genua valga). Do not confuse this word with varus.
Latin adjective describing any joint in an extremity that is deformed such that the more distal of the two bones forming the joint deviates away from the midline, as in knock-knee.
[Mod. L. turned outward, fr. L. bow-legged]

valgus

(văl′gəs)
adj.
1. Characterized by an abnormal outward turning of a bone, especially of the hip, knee, or foot.
2. Knock-kneed.
n.
A valgus bone.

val′goid′ (-goid′) adj.

valgus

Orthopedics Fixation of an extremity in the position it would assume if everted; if in the frontal plane, the plantar surface is directed away from the midline. Cf Varus.

val·gus

(val'gŭs)
Descriptive of any of the paired joints of the extremities with a static angular deformity in which the bone distal to the joint deviates laterally from the longitudinal axis of the proximal bone, and from the midline of the body, when the subject is in anatomic position. The adjective valgus is attached sometimes to the name of the joint (cubitus valgus) and sometimes to the name of the part just distal to the joint (hallux valgus). The gender of the adjective matches that of the Latin noun to which it is joined; thus, cubitus, hallux, metatarsus, pes, talipes valgus; coxa, manus, talipomanus valga; genu valgum.
[Mod. L. turned outward, fr. L. bow-legged]
Enlarge picture
BOWLEG: In medical usage, referred to as “varus knee” or “genu varum.”

valgus

(val'gus) [L. valgus, valga, valgum bent, bent outward, bowleg(ged)]
Bent or turned outward, used esp. of deformities in which the most distal anatomical part is angled outward and away from the midline of the body. The classical Latin adjective valgus, valga, valgum means “bowleg” or “bowlegged” and applies to the appearance of the defect. The modern medical Latin adjective applies to the cause of the defect; thus a “valgus knee” is caused by the outward bendingof the tibia and fibula (away from the center of the body), resulting in “genu valgum, ” or “knock-knee.”
See: illustration; varus
References in periodicals archive ?
When the pain resolved, the patient noticed valgus deformity of the little finger in extension and difficulty in gripping caused by finger overlapping.
However, valgus deformity of the hindfoot is one of the frequent deformities in the patients of RA regardless of the deformity of the knee.
Additionally, it proves the claims that loads made on the forefoot are risk factors for hallux valgus deformity.24 Additionally, a relationship in the significance limit (p=0.055) was found between the duration of ballet and foot angle on the right foot.
His left foot had a hallux valgus deformity with compromised joint motion due to non-tender prominent bony masses but without erythema, swelling, increased skin temperature, or regional lymphadenopathy (Figure l).
Radiographs of the feet showed the characteristic finding of this disease; shortening of the first metatarsal and absence of a phalanx with valgus deformity of the great toes (Fig.
Hallux valgus deformity is the result of a progressive medial shift of the metatarsal head along with pronation of the metatarsal and lateral deviation of the phalanx.
Shortening the fibula in patients with upper level fibular fractures associated with tibial fractures treated with intramedullary nailing may cause a dynamic hindfoot valgus deformity. All hindfoot cases must be evaluated in the weight-bearing position both clinically and radiologically.
At the final follow-up control, significant valgus deformity of more than 10[degrees] was noted in 1 case for group 1 and 2 cases for group 2.
Mild carpal varus or valgus deformity are seen in puppies and can be corrected using conservative treatment with splints and bandaging and surgical interference is rarely required (Vaughan 1992, Altunatmaz and Ozsoy, 2006).
Multiple tophaceous deposits, grayish discoloration, and hallux valgus deformity were noted on the great toe on both sides.
In patients with hallux valgus deformity, are conservative interventions effective for decreasing pain and deformity?