vaginal fornix

(redirected from Vaginal fornices)

vag·i·nal for·nix

the recess at the vault of the vagina; it is divided into an anterior part, posterior part, and lateral part with respect to its relation to the cervix of the uterus. The posterior part is clinically significant as the site for culdocentesis and culdoscopy. The proximity of the ureter (below) and the uterine artery (above) adjacent to the lateral fornix is important clinically.
Synonym(s): fornix vaginae [TA], fornix uteri

vaginal fornix

a recess in the upper part of the vagina caused by the protrusion of the uterine cervix into the vagina.

vaginal fornix

An anatomic landmark consisting of the arched recess that surrounds the vaginal portion of the uterine cervix at the superior end of the vagina, which is divided into anterior, right and left lateral, and posterior quadrants.


pl. fornices [L.] an archlike structure or the vaultlike space created by such a structure.

cerebral fornix
either of a pair of arched fiber tracts that unite under the corpus callosum, so that together they comprise two columns, a body, and two crura.
conjunctival fornix
line of reflexion of the conjunctiva from the eyelid to the eyeball.
hippocampal fornix
a thick bundle of nerve fibers leaving the hippocampus to enter the hypothalamus, terminating in the mamillary body.
telencephalic fornix
see cerebral fornix (above).
vaginal fornix
the annular recess around the outside of the cervix.


pertaining to the vagina, the tunica vaginalis testis, or to any sheath.

vaginal annulus
see annulus vaginalis.
vaginal aplasia
manifested by imperforate hymen or residual strands of hymen. See imperforate hymen.
vaginal aspiration
use of a suction apparatus to collect a sample of vaginal fluid for culture, cytological or immunological examination.
vaginal biopsy
collection of a sample of mucosa by a pinch biopsy instrument for histopathological examination.
vaginal constriction
inherited defect in Jersey cows combined with anal constriction, sometimes with rectovaginal fistula.
vaginal cyclic changes
see vaginal cytology (below).
vaginal cystocele
the urinary bladder is lying on the floor of the vagina; the displacement has been via the urethra by eversion or via a tear in the floor of the vagina.
vaginal cytology
cyclic changes in the exfoliated epithelial cells of the vaginal mucosa occurring synchronously with the stages of the estrous cycle; collection of samples by the use of a swab and laboratory examination of a smear is a useful aid in determining the most appropriate time to mate a bitch.
vaginal fornix
see vaginal fornix.
vaginal hypoplasia segmental
see müllerian duct aplasia.
vaginal inflammation
see vaginitis (1).
vaginal neoplasm
include papilloma, sarcoma, myxofibroma.
vaginal process
an outpocketing of the peritoneum into the gubernaculum at the site of the future inguinal canal in the male fetus; becomes the tunica vagina of the adult.
vaginal prolapse
see vaginal prolapse.
vaginal retainer
see bearing retainer.
vaginal ring
see annulus vaginalis.
vaginal rupture
occurs during mating, dystocia, insemination, or by sadistic or malicious trauma. Results in peritonitis or cellulitis of the pelvic fascia.
vaginal smear
examination of the cells in a smear is used as an aid in predicting the time of ovulation, which may be useful in selecting the optimal date for breeding.
vaginal stricture
cicatricial contraction after traumatic injury.
vaginal tunic
the double peritoneal fold which encloses the spermatic cord and the testis; made up of a visceral layer which is adherent to the testis and cord, and a parietal layer which lines the scrotum and the inguinal canal.
vaginal vestibule
entrance to the vagina enclosed between the lips of the vulva, the labia minor. Connects the vagina at the external urethral orifice to the external genital opening; develops from the embryonic urogenital sinus.
vaginal wash
irrigation of the vagina with sterile saline can be used to recover cells, which are stained and examined microscopically to monitor estrus.
References in periodicals archive ?
3] It can only be assumed that in our patient, deep sutures were taken in the placental bed in the lower uterine segment for haemostasis which accidently resulted in obliteration of the vaginal fornices.
The vaginal sample was collected by swabbing the posterior and lateral vaginal fornices with a cotton-tipped sterile swab.
The application of the cup must be flush with the vaginal fornices, and the intrauterine stem must be the correct length to easily mobilize the uterus from side to side as well as anterior and posterior.
Malleable or Breisky-Navratil retractors can be used to delineate the anterior and posterior vaginal fornices, but are not always satisfactory--especially if an assistant isn't seated between the legs.
The applicators available are still similar in principle to the initial applicators used by the pioneers of this technique, allowing the radioactive source to be introduced into the uterine canal and vaginal fornices (Fig.
At these follow-up visits, the vagina is carefully inspected for erosions/abrasions, especially the lateral vaginal fornices and apical area.
The common sites of injury are ovarian vascular pedicle at infundibulo-pelvic ligament, the ureteric relation with the uterine artery, where it crosses under the artery, cardinal ligament tunnel, dorsal to the infundibulo-pelvic ligament near or at the pelvic brim, vaginal fornices and lateral rectal pedicles.
Cholkeri-Singh replies: I gently spread the labia, exposing the introitus, and place a large cotton-tip swab soaked in Betadine through the introitus all the way to the cervix and vaginal fornices.
In gravid patients, the largest cervical cup from a disassembled KOH colpotomizer is used to laparoscopically delineate the vaginal fornices and atraumatically manipulate the cervix and lower uterine segment by using two ring forceps secured opposite one another to the outer ring.
Johnson said that he began using the technique after noticing the clear delineation of the cervix and proximal vagina during distension of the vaginal fornices at the end of saline infusion sonohysterography.