Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis virus

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Ven·e·zu·e·lan e·quine en·ceph·a·lo·my·e·li·tis vi·rus

a group A arbovirus of the genus Alphavirus, family Togaviridae, occurring in Venezuela and several other South American countries, in Panama and Trinidad, and occasionally the U.S. causing Venezuelan equine encephalomyelitis in horses and humans; it seems to be more viscerotropic than neurotropic; the virus is transmitted by Culex mosquitoes.
Synonym(s): VEE virus
References in periodicals archive ?
* VEE virus is endemic in South and Central America and Trinidad.
VEE virus cycles between rodents and mosquitoes with the most important vectors coming from the Culex spp.
Requests to the US State Department and US military authorities resulted in release of attenuated VEE virus vaccine strain TC-83 for emergency use in equids to stop equine disease and interrupt human infections.
Q) In an unprecedented biomedical event in the history of VEE, the epizoodemic VEE virus subtype was transported from northern South America to Central America (3).
Human infections with VEE virus subtype IAB and IC produce more neurologic involvement and result in mortality rates as high as 0.5% during epidemics; however, epidemics with these viruses have not been reported in South America for more than a decade (5-7).
VEE virus was isolated from serum culture in Vero cells.
A more extensive serosurvey in 1962 1964 in four southeastern states found 23 of 770 serum specimens had antibodies against VEE virus (VEEV; Togaviridae: Alphavirus) (4).