As a contrast case, VCO2 based on the conventional topology with only one LC tank is also designed and fabricated.
The output power of the entire tuning range for VCO1 and VCO2 as well as the simulated output power of VCO1 is illustrated in Figure 4(b), where the 4.
Anyway, the results indicate that the transformer-based VCO1 has improved phase noise performance about 5dBc to 7dBc better compared with the conventional VCO2 design.
In this figure, the relationship between VE and VCO2
is shown for three exercise modalities and the regression equation coefficients are 29.
stability prior to gas sampling must be considered in the measurement of efficiency.
The term indirect calorimetry is a misnomer since the actual VO2 and VCO2 are being measured and the results are more direct than measuring the temperature changes in a water bath after subject immersion.
The measurement of VO2, which is the equivalent of metabolic rate, and VCO2, as well as the measurement of urinary nitrogen (UN), can be used to determine the resting energy expenditure (REE).
To determine if the RQ is attributable to carbohydrates or fats, the urinary nitrogen can be subtracted from the VO2 and VCO2 using the following equation to calculate the non protein RQ or RQnp: