Urtica dioica


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stinging nettle

Herbal medicine
A perennial herb that contains acetyl-choline, formic acid, histamine, minerals and vitamins A and C; it is astringent, diuretic, tonic, and administered as an infusion, poultice or applied topically (the leaves act as a counterirritant). Stinging nettle is used for arthritis, baldness, cystitis, diabetes, diarrhoea, eczema, epistaxis, gout, hay fever, haemorrhoids, rheumatic complaints and tuberculosis; it may be used under the supervision of a physician for congestive heart failure and hypertension.
 
Toxicity
Uncooked nettle may cause renal damage; the diuresis-related loss of potassium should be compensated for by increasing potassium intake; it should not be given to young children.

Urtica dioica

(dī-ō′ĭ-kă, dē-)
The scientific name for the stinging nettle, an herb used to treat allergic conditions such as allergic rhinitis. Exposure to the herb can cause a rash. Extracts made from it are promoted for their diuretic effects.
References in periodicals archive ?
Phytochemical analysis of Urtica dioica leaves by fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.
Table 5: Effects of Urtica dioica and CICAFLORA on wound contraction (%).
Estudio de efecto sobre musculatura lisa uterina de distintos preparados de las hojas de Urtica dioica L.
Extracts of four plant portions (roots, stems, leaves and flowers) of Urtica dioica (the stinging nettle) were prepared using accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) involving water, hexanes, methanol and dichloromethane.
Golalipour and V Khori, "The protective activity of Urtica dioica leaves on blood glucose concentration and [beta]-cells in streptozotocin-diabetic rats," Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol.
Fluorescence spectra's of bull nettle (Urtica dioica L.--Urticaceae) during eleven years after NATO bombing are present on Figure 3.
Investigation of the effects using different mixtures of Nettle (Urtica dioica), Mentha pulagum (Oreganum vulgare) and Zizaphora (Thymyus vulgaris) on performance and carcass traits of broilers.
44 Urtica dioica is the scientific name of which common flowering plant with a well-known defensive mechanism?
GORDON Sumner, The Entertainer and urtica dioica deserve some respect.
Newly emerged shoots of stinging nettle (Urtica dioica) and wood nettle (Laportea canadensis) can be eaten after being cooked for a short time in boiling water.
Polygonum spp., unknown forbs, Leersia oryzoides, Carex spp., unknown grasses, Urtica dioica, Xanthium spp., Bidens cernua, Ipomoea pandurata, Campsis radicans, and Vitis spp.