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surgical creation of an alternate route of flow for urine to replace an absent or diseased portion of the lower urinary tract to preserve renal function.
The surgical redirection of urine flow.
urinary diversionProvision of an alternative exit route for urine or of an alternative temporary urine store in the body, after surgical removal of the URINARY BLADDER. The ureters may be brought out on to the surface of the abdomen, implanted into the COLON or RECTUM or implanted into a substitute bladder, formed from a loop of small bowel, with an outlet through the skin or the anus.
pertaining to the urine; containing or secreting urine.
urinary bile pigment
bilirubin and urobilinogen are found in the urine of normal animals.
various surgical procedures involving the ureters, bladder or urethra may be used to alter the usual route of urine flow, thereby bypassing portions of the urinary tract, usually the bladder and/or urethra. Ureters, bladder or urethra are transplanted or anastomosed to the bowel or placed so urine exits at an orifice created through the skin. See also ureteroileostomy, trigonal-colonic anastomosis, ureterocolostomy, transureteroureterostomy.
urinary flow monitor
periodic measurement of the amount of urine secreted. In an anesthetized animal a catheter draining into a calibrated container is used. In a conscious animal a clamped-off, self-retaining catheter is inserted and drained at intervals. A metabolism cage is an alternative.
the measure of urinary flow rates.
an inability to control urination with the involuntary passage of urine. Most commonly occurs in dogs due to congenital abnormalities of the ureters or urethra. Other causes include congenital or acquired defects in nervous control of micturition, neoplastic or inflammatory disease of the lower urinary tract, and prostate gland and endocrine abnormalities.
urethral or ureteral obstruction often caused by lodgement of a urinary calculus in the narrow lumen. Constriction of urethra due to hyperplastic prostate in male dogs.
the point on the glomerulus where the proximal convoluted tubule exits.
urinary system, urinary tract
urinary territorial marking
see urinary system.