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Related to urethritis: chronic urethritis




Urethritis is an inflammation of the urethra that is usually caused by an infection.


The urethra is the canal that moves urine from the bladder to the outside of the body. When this canal becomes infected, inflammation occurs due to the accumulation of white blood cells in the area. When this occurs, it is called urethritis. Besides the urethra, the urinary tract consists of the bladder, ureters, and kidneys. Inflammation can move up the urethra, causing cystitis in the bladder, or nephritis in the kidneys. Collectively, these inflammations are called urinary tract infections or UTIs.
Urinary tract infections are much more common in women than in men, probably due to anatomy. Infections are especially more common in older women, due to bladder problems.

Causes and symptoms

Uncomplicated urethritis usually results from infection by the bacteria Escherichia coli, commonly found in the bowel. Complicated urethritis can occur when other problems exist, such as kidney stones, malformations of the urinary tract, spinal cord injury, or a compromised immune system. People with diabetes tend to have more urinary tract infections, as well as hospitalized patients. Urinary tract infections can also be sexually transmitted. Some people seem to be susceptible to urinary tract infections, having them recurrently.
Frequently, a urinary tract infection has no symptoms. Common symptoms though, include pain and a burning sensation when urinating, frequent urination, or passing blood in the urine. Signs that the infection may be worsening include fever and chills, nausea, vomiting, and lower back pain.


The diagnosis for a urinary tract infection is made by assessing the symptoms, feeling (palpating) the abdomen for tenderness, and a urinalysis. A urinalysis, or urine sample, is examined for both the presence of bacteria and white blood cells. After this, a urine culture to determine what bacteria is causing the infection may be done.


Typical treatment for urinary tract infections is a course of antibiotics. In women who have recurrent urethritis, the diagnosis and treatment is often resolved over the phone. Additional drugs are sometimes given to relieve discomfort.

Alternative treatment

For those individuals who seem to be more susceptible to urinary tract infections, drinking lots of fluids at the first sign of an infection can ward it off by diluting the bacteria present and flushing the system. Adding a teaspoon of baking soda to a glass of water and drinking it can change the pH of the urine, causing it to burn less. Also, cranberry juice contains a compound that can prevent bacteria from sticking to and thus growing in the urinary tract. Antimicrobial herbs, such as uva ursi (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi) and pipsissewa (Chimaphila umbellata), may be helpful. Other herbs, such as marsh mallow (Althaea officinalis), slippery elm (Ulmus fulva), comfrey (Symphytum officinale), plantain (Plantago major), and cornsilk, can soothe the urinary tract. Lactobacillus acidophilus and L. bifidus supplementation reintroduces normal flora into the urinary tract. Acupuncture and homeopathy can also be effective therapies for urethritis.


Given the appropriate antibiotic, urinary tract infections usually go away quickly. If not treated soon enough, however, urethritis can move up the urinary tract, infecting the bladder and possibly the kidneys, resulting in kidney damage. If the infection moves into the blood, additional complications can arise. Those who have previously had a urinary tract infection are more susceptible to additional urinary tract infections. Because of this, patients need to be aware of the symptoms so that a physician can be notified if the infection becomes recurrent.


There are some steps that can be taken to keep the urinary tract healthy and prevent infection.
  • drink plenty of fluids
  • do not hold urine once the urge to urinate has occurred
  • after a bowel movement, wipe from front to rear to keep bowel bacteria at a distance
  • wear cotton underwear
  • rinse soap off well in the shower
  • urinate after sexual intercourse
  • for post-menopausal women, estrogen replacement therapy can help prevent urinary tract infection



"Drink Away Urinary Tract Infections." Prevention Magazine January 1998: 135.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


inflammation of the urethra, often a symptom of gonorrhea(gonococcal urethritis) but sometimes caused by another infectious organism. The urethra swells and narrows and the flow of urine is impeded; both urination and the urgency to urinate increase and there is burning pain, sometimes with a purulent discharge, on urination. It usually responds to treatment with antibiotics or sulfonamides.
nongonococcal urethritis (nonspecific urethritis) a sexually transmitted inflammation of the urethra caused by any of various organisms other than gonococci.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.


Inflammation of the urethra.
[ureth- + G. -itis, inflammation]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


Inflammation of the urethra.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Urology Inflammation of the urethra, Etiology Infection–E coli, Klebsiella, STDs–eg, Chlamydia, N gonorrhoeae, Ureaplasma urealyticum; chemical irritants–spermatocides in condoms, contraceptive jelly, cream, or foam; mechanical–insertion of stuff into urethra Risk factors ♂ age 20–35, multiple sexual partners, high-risk sexual behavior–eg, anal intercourse. See Nongonococcal urethritis.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


Inflammation of the lining of the URETHRA. This is usually caused by a SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASE.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005


Inflammation of the urethra.
[ureth- + G. -itis, inflammation]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Disease associations of Mycoplasma genitalium, (5) Disease Level of disease association (*) Urethritis ++++ Cervicitis +++ Bacterial vaginosis - Endometritis and/or Pelvic +++ Inflammatory Disease (PID) Preterm birth +/- Infertility (women) + (*) ++++ strong association, +++ association in most studies, + association from a few studies, +/- conflicting results (adapted from WHO 2013) Table 2.
Among all of the confirmed cases at both clinics, 99% of patients reported heterosexual orientation, and 97% had symptomatic urethritis. Oral sex was reported by 100% of Columbus patients and by 93% of Oakland County patients.
Neisseria meningitidis urethritis: a case report highlighting clinical similarities to and epidemiological differences from gonococcal urethritis.
fermentans is a cause of nongonococcal urethritis in men or disease in the urogenital tract of women [21].
Persistent urethritis and prostatitis due to Trichomonas vaginalis: a case report.
Other factors that make this case unique are the development of MRSA urethritis and bacteraemia despite the patient's high CD4 T-cell counts and good virological control.
Association of Mycoplasma genitalium with nongonococcal urethritis in heterosexual men.
Results: Of total 1199 subjects, 44 patients were diagnosed having urethritis, among them gonococcal urethritis was detected in 16(36.5%) and Chlamydia in 28(63.7%).
Or if not "wet dreams" then a chronic urethritis. Historians with medical degrees (or claims to such) weighed in to tell us that gonorrhea at the time didn't mean what gonorrhea means today, etc.
Background & objectives: Acute nongonococcal urethritis (NGU) is one of the commonest sexually transmitted infections affecting men.
In women, chlamydial infection may cause cervicitis, urethritis, PID, chronic pelvic pain, ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, preterm labor, and infertility.