--Renal graft: ischemia time, [greater than or equal to] 2 graft arteries, [greater than or equal to]2 graft veins, ureteral duplication, ureteral implant technique, ureteral stent
use, surgical bleeding, surgical time, time to stent withdrawal, ureteral stenosis diagnostic method, time to ureteral stenosis development, treatment type (surgical, endoscopic, interventional).
Early and late complications of double pigtail ureteral stent
. Urol Int 2002;69:136-140.
In comparison with PAUS, the success and complication rates of the retrograde ureteral stent
placement are well reported (8-13).
A ureteral stent
and, if necessary, percutaneous nephrostomy are recently being recommended.
They also found that history of previous ipsilateral ureteral stent
or ureteroscopy was also preventive for prestenting20.
(B) The ureteral stent
or catheter (blue) was then advanced over the guidewire while visualising passage into the ureteric orifice using the cystoscope.
Shock wave lithotripsy for medium to large renal pelvic stone without ureteral stent
. Iraqi Postgrad Med J 2009; 8(2):181-183.
A wide variety of medications have been administered to treat ureteral stent
Three strategies were discussed and included conservative management with close follow-up, placement of a ureteral stent
, and placement of a percutaneous nephrostomy (PCN) tube.
When the catheter fails to drain the urinoma appropriately, a percutaneous nephrostomy tube maybe placed to facilitate drainage often with a ureteral stent
to promote healing [5, 6].
Caption: FIGURE 3: Postoperative follow-up imaging of cystographic computed tomography showing no leakage at anastomosis of ureteroneocystostomy with ureteral stent
A double J ureteral stent
was taken to the abdomen through the 5-mm lateral trocar and inserted in the ureter (Figure 1c).