. Review of palaeobotany and palynology, 42(1-4): 155-363.
De Candolle (Campanulaceae) SC-E2 Bupleuri Radix Bupleurum falcatum 6 Linne (Umbelliferae
) Coptidis Rhizoma Coptidis japonica 2 Makino (Ranunculaceae) Gardeniae Fructus Gardenia jasminoides 6 Ellis (Rubiaceae) Glycyrrhizae Glycyrrhiza uralensis 2 Radix et Rhizoma Fischer (Leguminosae) Platycodi Radix Platycodon grandiflorum 3 A.
Family Parts Extraction yield (.%) NTNU-293 Celastraceae Stem 4.9 NTNU-301 Adiantaceae Whole plant 2.2 NTNU-309 Labiatae Stem 33 NTNU-312 Euphorbiaceae Stem 1.5 NTNU-313 Rosaceae Stem 1.4 NTNU-319 Umbelliferae
Whole plant 1.2 NTNU-328 Menispermaceae Vine 2.0 NTNU-331 Celastraceae Stem 1.4 NTNU-379 Leguminosae Stem & root 1.9 NTNU-385 Rosaceae Stem 1.1 NTNU-395 Casuarinaceae Stem 0.5 NTNU-439 Gramineae Seed 1.5 NTNU-450 Leguminosae Seed 2.3 NTNU-488 Cupressaceae Stem 1.8 The plant name has been checked with http://www.theplantlist.org.
is from the Latin umbra, meaning shade (umbrella comes from the same root).
Botanically, fennel is kin to celery, dill, carrots, and other members of the Apiaceae (or Umbelliferae
) family--plantss that bear umbrella-shaped flower clusters.
) extract attenuates stress-induced urinary biochemical changes and improves cognition in scopolamine-induced amnesic rats.
The carrot family is at a disadvantage, however, because most Umbelliferae
seeds--think parsley, fennel and dill--need time for their underdeveloped ovaries to grow before they can sprout.
Parsnips are a root vegetable from the Umbelliferae
family, which also includes carrots, celery, fennel and parsley.
From the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae
) is the only species of its genus growing in different temperate parts of Iran [1, 2].
For Apiales, early work by Bessey (1897) reported that fossil "Umbellales" (reflecting on out-dated circumscription of the order that included not only Umbelliferae
and Araliaceae, but also Comaceae) stretched back to the Cretaceous.
) species growing in Konya province (Turkey)," Turkish Journal of Biology, vol.