UVC


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ultraviolet

 [ul″trah-vi´o-let]
denoting electromagnetic radiation of wavelength shorter than that of the violet end of the spectrum, having wavelengths of 4–400 nanometers.
ultraviolet A (UVA) ultraviolet radiation with wavelengths between 320 and 400 nm, comprising over 99 per cent of such radiation that reaches the surface of the earth. Ultraviolet A enhances the harmful effects of ultraviolet B radiation and is also responsible for some photosensitivity reactions; it is used therapeutically in the treatment of a variety of skin disorders.
ultraviolet B (UVB) ultraviolet radiation with wavelengths between 290 and 320 nm, comprising less than 1 per cent of the ultraviolet radiation that reaches the earth's surface. Ultraviolet B causes sunburn and a number of damaging photochemical changes within cells, including damage to DNA, leading to premature aging of the skin, premalignant and malignant changes, and a variety of photosensitivity reactions; it is also used therapeutically for treatment of skin disorders.
ultraviolet C (UVC) ultraviolet radiation with wavelengths between 200 and 290 nm; all of this type of radiation is filtered out by the ozone layer so that none reaches the earth's surface. Ultraviolet C is germicidal and is also used in ultraviolet phototherapy.
ultraviolet rays electromagnetic radiation beyond the violet end of the visible spectrum; they are not visible to humans. They are produced by the sun but are absorbed to a large extent by particles of dust and smoke in the earth's atmosphere. They are also produced by the so-called sun lamps. They can produce sunburn and affect skin pigmentation, causing tanning. When they strike the skin surface they transform provitamin D, secreted by the glands of the skin, into vitamin D, which is then absorbed into the body. Because ultraviolet rays are capable of killing bacteria and other microorganisms, they are sometimes used to sterilize objects in specially designed cabinets, or to sterilize the air in operating rooms and other areas where destruction of bacteria is necessary.
ultraviolet therapy the employment of ultraviolet radiation in the treatment of diseases, particularly those affecting the skin. See also PUVA therapy and photochemotherapy. Among the diseases that respond to this form of therapy are acne vulgaris, psoriasis, and external ulcers.

Dosage. The dosage unit of ultraviolet radiation is expressed as minimal erythema dose (MED). Because of varying degrees of skin thickness and pigmentation, human skin varies widely in its sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation. The MED refers to the amount of radiation that will produce, within a few hours, minimal erythema (redness caused by engorgement of capillaries) in the average Caucasian skin. Dosage for individual patients is prescribed according to probable sensitivity as determined by that individual's skin type as compared to average sensitivity.
Degrees of Erythema. Minimal erythema is a first degree erythema and usually is produced after about 15 seconds of exposure to a high-pressure mercury arc in a quartz burner placed at a distance of 75 cm (30 in) from the skin. A second degree erythema results from a dose of about 2.5 MED; its effects become apparent about 4 to 6 hours after application and are followed by slight peeling of the skin. A third degree erythema is produced by about 5 MED; it may become apparent within 2 hours after application and is accompanied by edema followed by marked desquamation. A fourth degree erythema is produced by about 10 MED and is characterized by blistering.
Precautions. Ultraviolet therapy is safe only in the hands of a skilled and knowledgeable therapist. Areas of “thin skin” that may be burned more readily than that receiving treatment must be protected by wet towels or dressings. The eye is highly sensitive to ultraviolet radiation; therefore some form of protection, such as goggles, compresses, or cotton balls, should be provided for both the patient and the therapist to avoid damage to the conjunctiva and cornea.



Certain drugs, such as the sulfonamides, greatly increase sensitivity to ultraviolet radiation. All patients scheduled for this form of therapy should be questioned in regard to the medication they are taking so the dosage can be adjusted accordingly or the treatment deferred.

UVC

ultraviolet C; see ultraviolet.

UVC

Umbilical vein catheter, see there.

UVC

Abbreviation for ultraviolet C.
References in periodicals archive ?
Consider applying a quantifiable and trackable UVC disinfection dose via handheld or countertop devices--or integrated directly into portable work stations and diagnostic equipment--to disinfect surfaces as hospital staff transition between patient rooms.
In addition, effective UVC often employs a breadcrumb strategy, in which one article leads to other articles.
An increase of 1-Log or a factor of 10 of UVC intensity at the coil face would produce significantly different results.
To determine whether RhoA-dependent sensitivity to UVC radiation treatment also influences the invasiveness of MeWo cells in vitro, the capacity of the MeWo clones to invade through Matrigel was evaluated using Transwell invasion assays (Figures 2(c) and 2(d)).
This exciting development of high light output UVC LEDs allows the transformation of lab-on-chip products into clinically useful point-of-care products.
to current or previous versions of the UVC and provides full excerpts
The UVC spectrum, especially the range of 250-270 nm, is strongly absorbed by the nucleic acids of a microorganism and, therefore, is the most lethal range of wavelengths for microorganisms.
Intermittent atrioventricular block was observed only in one paitent who had UVC.
The germicidal potential of UVC irradiation for the fungal species detected in nuts was analyzed for 0, 15, 30 and 45 min.
Oakland 41, UVC 25: Michelle Cottier scored 15 points and the Oakers advanced to the championship game of the Oakland Christmas tournament where they will meet St.
Bosses investigated and found that a UVC bulb had been fitted in the fly killer instead of the proper UVA type.