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A mild form of New World or American cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania peruana, occurring in the high Andean valleys of Peru and Bolivia, and characterized by numerous small dermal lesions occurring almost exclusively on exposed skin surfaces; the dog is an important reservoir. Unlike all other forms of American cutaneous leishmaniasis, this disease is found at high elevations (2000-2500 m) in barren open country, rather than in lowland tropical forests.
Etymology: Sp, facial ulcers
a mild cutaneous form of American leishmaniasis occurring in the Andes of Peru and Argentina, caused by Leishmania peruana. The lesions are small and usually occur on the exposed surfaces of the skin, which ordinarily heal spontaneously within 1 year. The disease has been slowly disappearing because of the increased use of insecticides.