The DESP and two existing USACHPPM programs were realigned under the DHRM.
USACHPPM restructured the DESP in 2004 to enhance the mission focus on warfighters' readiness, support the USACHPPM strategic vision, and respond to the increased workload of worldwide deployments.
The GTAP works with US intelligence activities, including the Defense Intelligence Agency's Armed Forces Medical Intelligence Center, the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency, the Army's National Ground Intelligence Center, and other domestic and overseas resources to obtain pertinent intelligence data and other products to support the USACHPPM mission.
Both specific hazard and threat operational risk management (ORM) estimates and an integrated deployment based ORM estimate are generated using methods and procedures outlined in USACHPPM Technical Guides 230 and 248.
The GTAP also maintains and populates the USACHPPM classified website and interactive map server on the SIPRNET (secure internet protocol router network).
DESP personnel collaborate with the technical experts within USACHPPM or other organizations as necessary to link customers with the correct answers, or the technical experts best suited to provide the answers.
The deployment OEH risk assessment reports for the samples listed in Table 2 are created using the operational risk management doctrine included in Army Field Manual 100-14 (4) and the relatively conservative (protective) assumptions and methods contained in the USACHPPM Technical Guide 230 (1) to facilitate decision-making that can minimize the likelihood of significant risks.
Mosquito and sandfly surveillance is performed by USACHPPM laboratories to analyze vectors that significantly impact readiness by transmitting disease (malaria and lieshmaniasis, respectively), analyze specimens for infectivity of the organism, and impact the outcome of the operational chemoprophylaxis policy.
However, the USACHPPM can deploy a Special Medical Augmentation Response Team--Preventive Medicine (SMART-PM) upon request and validation by the corresponding component command surgeon's office for an identified deployment OEH surveillance Mission requiring subject matter expertise, intense time commitment, and dedicated focus.