Tzanck

Tzanck

(tsahnk),
Arnault, Russian dermatologist, 1886-1954. See: Tzanck cells, Tzanck test.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tzanck smears and viral culture are insensitive compared to PCR.
Tzanck smear combined with DIF is used as an effective and simple tool, in the rapid diagnosis of PV.
KOH preparations, Tzanck smear and histopathology was carried out.
We used a Dermablade to unroof some of the vesicles and sent the scrapings to the lab for Tzanck, direct fluorescent antibody assay (DFA), and HSV polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing.
Tzanck smears and KOH preparations were other common procedures performed by our service and were particularly useful because of the rapidity of attaining results.
HSV is best detected with cytologic detection (Tzanck smear).
In addition, a bedside Tzanck smear is a rapid test and the dermatopathologist may find evidence of viral cytopathic changes.
This results in acantholysis with the formation of suprabasal intraepithelial blisters with free-floating epithelial cells within the blister (Tzanck cells).
Kehkeshan Tahir made a presentation on role of direct immunofluorescence on Tzanck smear and plucked hair in the diagnosis of pemphigus.
Cytologic identification of infected cells (using Tzanck or Pap test) has limited utility for diagnosis due to low sensitivity and specificity.
Investigations such as routine hemogram, renal function test, liver function test, hepatitis B surface antigen, CD4 count, gram staining, tzanck smear, skin biopsy, potassium hydroxide smear, urine routine micro, chest X-ray, abdomen sonography, S.