holotype

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holotype

(hŏl′ə-tīp′, hō′lə-)
n.
The single specimen or other element used or designated as the type specimen of a species or subspecies in the original published description of the taxon.

hol′o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

holotype

the specimen designated by the author of a scientific name as the TYPE specimen at the time of the original publication.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005