Names like Oxycontin, Oxycodone, Percocet, Tylox
, Demerol, Vicodin, morphine, Methadone, Valium, and Ritalin have a street value sometimes exceeding $1 per milligram.
Introduced by Purdue Pharma in 1995, OxyContin is a 12-hour, timed-release form of oxycodone, a synthetic opiold that has long been available in products such as Percocet, Percodan, and Tylox
. OxyContin quickly became the most prescribed narcotic on Schedule ii of the Controlled Substances Act (the most tightly regulated category of medication), with about 7.2 million prescriptions in 2001.
Opioids (best for nociceptive pain): Mu-agonists (full agonists): Codeine (Tylenol #3), Fentanyl (Duragesic patch), Hydrocone (Vivodin), Hydrocodone (Vicoden, Lortab), Hydropmorphone (Dilaudid), Mereridine (Demerol), Oxycodone (Percodan, Percocet, Tylox
); Agonists-antagonists: Pentazocine HCI (Talwin), Butorphanol (Stadol)
But strong painkillers such as Percocet or Tylox
can create physical dependence in some patients.
capsules, the generic equivalent of McNeil Pharmaceutical's Tylox
Some examples of medications in this category include codeine, propoxyphene (Darvon or Darvocet), oxycodone (Percocet, Tylox
, Roxiprin), pentazocine (Talwin), hydrocodone (Vicodin), and methadone (Dolophine).
stated that her pain decreased from a 10 to a 6 with the Tylox
, and acknowledged that the nausea disappeared with the Compazine.
Ibuprofen (Advil) and acetaminophen with oxycodone (Percocet, Roxicet, Tylox
) are often prescribed by physicians to reduce pain.
Over-the-Counter and Prescription Medications That Carry Warnings DRUG PRODUCTS ACETAMINOPHAN OTC: Tylenol, Robitussin, Benadryl Severe Allergy and Sinus Headache Maximum Strength, Sudafed Sinus & Headache, Sinutab, Dimetapp, NyQuil, Excedrin P.M., Excedrin Migraine, Goody's Headache Powders Prescription: Percocet, Vicodin, Endocet, Roxicet, Tylox
IBUPROFEN OTC: Advil, Motrin, Nuprin, Dristan Sinus, Midol Cramp Prescription: Combunox NAPROXEN OTC: Aleve, Midol Extended Relief Prescription: Anaprox, Naprosyn ASPIRIN OTC: Anacin, Bayer, Bufferin, Excedrin, Ecotrin, Alka-Seltzer Prescription: Endodan, Roxiprin, Percodan, Equagesic, Fiorinal [ILLUSTRATION OMITTED]
A Acetaminophen is found in over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers such as Tylenol, a wide array of combination pain and cold medicines, and several prescription drugs, such as Darvocet, Lorcet, Percocet, Tylox
Pain relievers with "significant increases" in lifetime prevalence of use for the 18-25 age group include Vicodin, Lortab, or Lorcet jumping from 15% to 16.5%; Percocet, Percodan, or Tylox
increasing from 7.8% to 8.7%; and hydrocodone products rising from 16.3% to 17.4%.