turkey(redirected from Turkey (nation))
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a bird in the family Meleagridae. The common turkey is Meleagris gallopavo. There are two breeds, the American bronzewing and the white holland. Bred entirely for meat mostly for human consumption on festive occasions.
see rivina humilis.
turkey bluecomb disease
see turkey coronaviral enteritis.
see turkey coryza.
see turkey coryza.
a pale kidney covered with a large number of petechiae to give it the appearance of a turkey's egg; occurs in many septicemic diseases, particularly classical swine fever (hog cholera), African swine fever and salmonellosis.
turkey hemorrhagic enteritis
an acute, infectious disease of turkeys 4 weeks old and older caused by a Group II avian adenovirus. Clinically there is illness for only 24 hours, bloody droppings and a mortality rate of up to 60%.
a highly contagious disease of turkeys caused by an enterovirus. The disease is characterized by a high level of subclinical infection and sudden death in stressed birds. There is focal necrosis in the liver and pancreas.
antigenically related to Marek's disease virus (MDV) but not pathogenic in any species. Used to vaccinate chickens against Marek's disease. The infection is universal in domestic and wild turkey populations and is now widespread in chicken populations.
turkey leg edema
see leg edema.
includes Chelopistes meleagridis (large turkey louse), Colpocephalum tausi, Oxylipeurus polytrapezius (slender turkey louse), O. corpelentus.
see Israeli turkey encephalomyelitis.
a catarrhal infection of the upper respiratory tract in young poults. In chickens, a similar disease is called swollen head syndrome. It is caused by a pneumovirus, genus Metapneumovirus.
a common accompaniment of infection in 6-week-old turkey poults infected with Mycoplasma meleagridis and with airsacculitis as a result. The syndrome is characterized by deformity and shortening of the tarsometatarsal bone, hock joint swelling and deformity of cervical vertebrae. There may also be stunting of growth and abnormal feathering.
turkey X disease
the original name given to aflatoxicosis.