Several factors contribute to lateralization of the middle turbinate
withorwithoutsynechiaformation:(l) trauma to the lateral mucosal surface of the middle turbinate
, (2) resection of the horizontal portion of the basal lamella, (3) improper manipulation of the middle turbinate
resulting in a floppy turbinate
, (4) severe polyposis surrounding the middle turbinate
, (5) postoperative swelling, (6) inadequate postoperative debridement, and (7) improper packing of the nasal airway after surgery.
have concluded that allergic disease is significantly associated with antrochoanal polyps in their study patients. In our case, we speculated that the patient's allergic rhinitis and the previous upper respiratory tract infection might have led to local inflammation over the mucosa of superior turbinate
, which induced the formation and growth of a single polyp.
Nasal endoscopy was done by ENT surgeon and he diagnosed the tissue occluding the ETT as inferior turbinate
. Active bleeding was not spotted.
In this study, tissue stiffness and fibrosis in inferior turbinates
of AR patients were quantitatively compared with healthy subjects without the need for an invasive procedure.
It should be performed in operation theatre only, because of the risk of heavy bleeding and is an effective procedure for improving nasal obstruction in patients with chronic hypertrophied inferior turbinates
, both in the short and long terms.
are treated medically and surgically.
The detailed morphology of nasal cavity comprising of dorsal nasal turbinate
, ventral nasal turbinate
, middle nasal turbinate
and ethmo-turbinate bones and boundaries were recorded.
The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of cryosurgery and submucosal diathermy in terms of relief of nasal obstruction caused by hypertrophied inferior turbinates
(1,3) This case presented within the middle turbinate
in an apparent concha bullosa.
Surgery of the turbinates
. J Otolaryngol 1978; 7: 262-8.
Median expression of E-selectin was decreased (0.22-fold, n = 14), while P-selectin expression was increased (2.37-fold, n = 15) in nasal polyps compared to associated inferior turbinates
Surgical management of the enlarged inferior turbinates
is done by different surgical tools.