Although, infection with this organism can be asymptomatic in up to 80% of women (2), it may give rise to urethral syndrome, salpingitis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), tubal factor infertility and chronic pelvic pain (3).
trachomatis is one of the leading global causes of tubal factor infertility (4), and leading causes of female factor infertility.
Patients and samples: We recruited 51 women with tubal factor infertility, confirmed by laparoscopy and hysterosalpingography, attending Avicenna Infertility clinic in Tehran, Iran between January 2010 and January 2011.
In the current study, we evaluated women with tubal factor infertility for C.
For example, the prevalence of chlamydial DNA in fresh tissue specimens from 14 women with tubal factor infertility was investigated in UK.
Cates and Wasserheit reviewed a large number of studies showing statistically significant association between tubal factor infertility, spontaneous abortion (SA) and ectopic pregnancy with previous systemic chlamydial infection identified by the presence of C.
trachomatis antibody is known to be associated with tubal factor infertility, spontaneous abortion and ectopic pregnancy (7).