tryptophan

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Related to Tryptofan: L-tryptophan

tryptophan

 [trip´to-fan]
a naturally occurring amino acid, one of the essential amino acids; it is a precursor of serotonin. Adequate levels in the diet may mitigate pellagra by compensating for deficiencies of niacin.

tryp·to·phan (Trp, W),

(trip'tō-fan),
2-Amino-3-(3-indolyl)propionic acid; the l-isomer is a component of proteins; a nutritionally essential amino acid.

tryptophan

(trĭp′tə-făn′) also

tryptophane

(-fān′)
n.
An essential amino acid, C11H12N2O2, formed from proteins during digestion by the action of proteolytic enzymes. It is necessary for normal growth and development and is the precursor of several substances, including serotonin and niacin.

tryptophan

An essential amino acid, which is a key building block in protein biosynthesis. It is a precursor for serotonin (a neurotransmitter) and niacin (a B vitamin).

Dietary sources
Milk, sesame seeds, soy beans, spirulina, sunflower seeds, cashews.
 
Fringe nutrition
Tryptophan has been promoted for its alleged ability to induce sleep, and as an antidepressint.

tryp·to·phan

(W) (trip'tŏ-fan)
A nutritionally essential amino acid; the l-isomer is a component of proteins.

tryptophan

An antidepressant drug. L-tryptophan, sold in USA as a non-prescription food additive was withdrawn by the American Food and Drugs Administration (FDA) because of reports of a severe muscle disorder apparently caused by an unidentified contaminant. It is used only by hospital specialists who are aware of the risks. A brand name is Optimax.
Tryptophanclick for a larger image
Fig. 306 Tryptophan . Molecular structure.

tryptophan (W, Trp)

one of 20 AMINO ACIDS common in protein. It has a nonpolar ‘R’ group structure and is relatively insoluble in water. See Fig. 306 . The ISOELECTRIC POINT of tryptophan is 5.9.

Tryptophan

An essential amino acid that has to consumed in the diet because it cannot be manufactured by the body. Tryptophan is converted by the body to niacin, one of the B vitamins.
Mentioned in: Hartnup Disease

tryp·to·phan

(Trp, W) (trip'tŏ-fan)
A nutritionally essential amino acid.