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A protozoan family of hemoflagellates (order Kinetoplastida, class Zoomastigophorea, subphylum Mastigophora); asexual blood and/or tissue parasites of leeches, insects, and vertebrates and sap inhabitants of plants, characterized by a rounded or elongate form, a single nucleus, elongate mitochondrion (its position in relation to the nucleus is a characteristic of each genus), and an anteriorly directed single flagellum (in some genera, it borders an undulating membrane). Trypanosomatidae includes the genera Crithidia, Herpetomonas, Leptomonas, and Blastocrithidia, all of which are monogenetic and found in insects, and Phytomonas (found in plants), Endotrypanum, Leishmania, and Trypanosoma, all of which are digenetic; Leishmania and Trypanosoma include important pathogens of humans and animals. Many trypanosomes pass through developmental or life cycle stages similar to the body forms characteristic of the genera; these forms include amastigote, choanomastigote, opisthomastigote, promastigote, epimastigote, and trypomastigote.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Few reports have been found on the antimicrobial synergistic effect against trypanosomatidae protozoa.
[25] emphasized that fatty acids and their derivatives hold great potential as environmentally friendly antifungal agents or leads for novel antifungal drugs, and these facts could be partially shared with trypanosomatidae because some similar metabolic mechanisms are also present in these parasites.
Franco, "Isoenzymatic characterization of human isolates of Leishmania sp (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) from the municipalities of Rio Preto da Eva and Manaus, State of Amazonas," Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, vol.
The family Trypanosomatidae (Eugelenozoa, Kinetoplastida), which includes genera Leishmania, is one of the oldest groups of eukaryotes with a number of species that causes a range of debilitating or fatal diseases (1).
Las leishmaniasis son un grupo de enfermedades infecciosas causadas por protozoarios del genero Leishmania (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae).
It introduces medical students, physicians, and public health workers to the pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of major tropical diseases: malaria; amebiasis; bacterial and rickettsial diseases; the Trypanosomatidae; tuberculosis; rabies; leprosy; treponemal and fungal infections; diarrheal diseases; viral infections; intestinal nematode, cestode, and trematode infections; larval helminth infections; filariasis; schistosomiasis; malnutrition; hereditary anemias; and tropical tumors, snake bites, eye and heart diseases, effects of heat, and bioterrorism.
Leishmania is a genus of heterogeneous parasites in the family Trypanosomatidae. Leishmania parasites are the etiological agents of a complex of disease with a broad clinical spectrum called Leishmaniasis.