Trypanosomatidae


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Try·pan·o·so·mat·i·dae

(trī-pan'ō-sō-mat'i-dē),
A protozoan family of hemoflagellates (order Kinetoplastida, class Zoomastigophorea, subphylum Mastigophora); asexual blood and/or tissue parasites of leeches, insects, and vertebrates and sap inhabitants of plants, characterized by a rounded or elongate form, a single nucleus, elongate mitochondrion (its position in relation to the nucleus is a characteristic of each genus), and an anteriorly directed single flagellum (in some genera, it borders an undulating membrane). Trypanosomatidae includes the genera Crithidia, Herpetomonas, Leptomonas, and Blastocrithidia, all of which are monogenetic and found in insects, and Phytomonas (found in plants), Endotrypanum, Leishmania, and Trypanosoma, all of which are digenetic; Leishmania and Trypanosoma include important pathogens of humans and animals. Many trypanosomes pass through developmental or life cycle stages similar to the body forms characteristic of the genera; these forms include amastigote, choanomastigote, opisthomastigote, promastigote, epimastigote, and trypomastigote.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leishmaniases are diseases caused by obligate intracellular, kinetoplastid protozoa of the genus Leishmania and family Trypanosomatidae (1).
His research interests involve the study of ecologic, epidemiologic, and physiologic properties of Trypanosomatidae parasites and the diseases they cause.
Despite the fact that both protozoans belong to the Trypanosomatidae family, we suggest that the difference observed for activity should be related to the biological differences between the two parasite species.
El agua de coco verde como base de un cultivo monofasico para Trypanosomatidae, parasitos del hombre en America.
Natural infections of phlebotomine sandflies with trypanosomatidae in central and south Italy.
Leishmania are one of the several genera within the family Trypanosomatidae, and are characterized by the possession of a kinetoplast, a unique form of mitochondrial DNA.