triglyceride

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triglyceride

 [tri-glis´er-īd]
a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids bound with one molecule of glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.



Elevated serum triglycerides are now considered as important as high cholesterol levels in the development of ischemic heart disease. The normal range for serum triglycerides is 0 to 160 mg/100 ml.

tri·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(trī-as'il-glis'ĕr-ol),
Glycerol esterified at each of its three hydroxyl groups by a fatty (aliphatic) acid; for example, tristearoylglycerol.
Synonym(s): triglyceride

triglyceride

/tri·glyc·er·ide/ (-glis´er-īd) a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acid esterified to glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.

triglyceride

(trī-glĭs′ə-rīd′)
n.
A naturally occurring ester of three fatty acids and glycerol that is the chief constituent of fats and oils.

triglyceride

[trīglis′ərīd]
a simple fat compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acid (e.g., oleic, palmitic, or stearic) and glycerol. Triglycerides make up most animal and vegetable fats and are the principal lipids in the blood, where they circulate within lipoproteins. The total amount of triglyceride and the amount, proportion, and kinds of lipoproteins are important in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases and conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Normally the total amount of triglyceride in the blood does not exceed 200 to 300 mg/dL. For improved metabolic health and protection to the heart and blood vessels, the American Heart Association recommends an optimum fasting triglyceride level of 100 mg/dL.

triglyceride  

Triacylglycerol A long chain fatty acid ester of glycerol; TGs constitute 95% of fat by weight, and are the major form of stored lipids ↑ in Acute MI, alcoholic cirrhosis, untreated DM, high carbohydrate diet, certain forms of hyperlipoproteinemia, HTN, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, pregnancy, OCs, estrogens ↓ in Congenital β-lipoproteinemia, hyperthyroidism, malnutrition, vigorous exercise, therapy with ascorbic acid, clofibrate, metformin, phenformin. See Medium chain triglyceride. Cf Cholesterol.

tri·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(trī-as'il-glis'ĕr-ol)
Glycerol esterified at each of its three hydroxyl groups by a fatty (aliphatic) acid.
Synonym(s): triglyceride.

triglyceride

see FAT.

Triglyceride

A substance formed in the body from fat in the diet. Triglycerides are the main fatty materials in the blood. Together with protein, they make up high- and low-density lipoproteins (HDLs and LDLs). Triglyceride levels are important in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases including high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease.

triglyceride

glycerol with an esterified fatty acid at each of three hydroxyl (OH-) groups

triglyceride

a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids bound with one molecule of glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.

triglyceride absorption test
see fat absorption test.
triglyceride lipase
medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)
short and medium length chain fatty acids (containing four to 12 carbon atoms) are much more rapidly digested than those with long chains. Coconut oil contains a high proportion of medium-chain triglycerides and may be used in the diet of dogs with malabsorption syndrome.

Patient discussion about triglyceride

Q. Improving High Triglycerides I take Tricor for high triglyceride levels; I have a healthy level of total cholesterol, with low LDL, very good HDL. I am now being treated for hypothyroidism, but my doctor says that it's also genetic (I had almost the exact same level number as my brother). How can I work to get my triglycerides under control?

A. High level of triglycerides are generally both genetic and diet related. If you are consuming a high fat containing diet then your level of triglycerides will be increased. On the other hand, regardless of your good cholesterol levels, if you start lowering the amount of fat in your food (less oil, less sweets, less red meat) and combine it with physical activity you can lower your triglycerides level, especially if you are already on medications.

More discussions about triglyceride
References in periodicals archive ?
The most common laboratory abnormalities were high blood sugar, elevated blood lipids and tryglycerides, elevated liver and kidney blood tests, and low red cell, white cell and platelet counts.
Laboratory Findings Associated with Insulin Resistance Glucose Fasting 100-125 mg/dl 2-hour post CGTT 140-200 mg/dl Tryglycerides > 150 mg/dl HDL-cholesterol Males < 40 mg/dl Females < 50 mg/dl Note: Adapted from American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE).
The canine routine blood chemistry must include total cholesterol and tryglycerides.
Using Stepan Neobee medium chain tryglycerides as building blocks, structured lipids are tailored to replace less healthy fats as well as enhance product aesthetics and solve processing problems.