Judith Jarvis Thomson, 85, another of MIT's professors emeriti, is a philosopher best known for the elaboration of thought experiments called "trolley problems
," which test our moral intuitions.
It then outlines the destructive effect of trolley problems
on ethical reasoning, and mounts a case for seeing moral reasoning as a consequence of reactive attitudes, arising from the attempt to reach a rational consensus in the things that we praise and blame.
There is a series of trolley problems created by John Mikhail who added the consideration of the double effect principle in making the decision.
In order to make their case, Hauser and others ask us to consider the celebrated Trolley problem. This is devised by moral philosophers Phillipa Foot and J.
There are two versions of the Trolley problem, each designed to expose the manner of how agents process the considered facts before deciding and whether such considerations would matter from a moral point of view.
Participants are asked to answer a series of so-called trolley problems to reveal their unique moral decision-making processes.
People answering trolley problems will surely give different answers when they're allowed to "live" the survey in a virtual-reality setting, when they can see the trolley, hear it approach, meet a computer-graphics generated version of the person to be saved or squashed.
The quintessential trolley problem goes something like this: A group of five people is on a train track unaware that a runaway trolley is heading toward them.