Chemical constituents: Seeds contain a volatile oil and triterpenoid saponins
As a result of further phytochemical studies, one new (ocimuside, 1) and one known (ilexoside, 2) triterpenoid saponins
were isolated from the methanol extract of the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum.
This contribution may be due to the biocidal aspects of triterpenoid saponins
, the main component of the plant extract, which may have favoured the sanitation of the root environment, possibly acting on nematodes, which damage the root system (Ritzinger, Borges, Ledo, & Caldas, 2007), resulting in better root development than with only HS application.
, the main bioactive compounds of Polygala tenuifolia Willd, are easily hydrolyzed to polygalacic acid (PA).
Evaluation of novel antioxidant triterpenoid saponins
from the halophyte Salicornia herbacea " Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, vol.
Avicins, a family of triterpenoid saponins
from Acacia victoriae (Bentham), inhibit activation of nuclear factor-kappaB by inhibiting both its nuclear localization and ability to bind DNA.
either triterpenoid saponins
or steroid saponins (Wina et al.
Evaluation of biological activities of triterpenoid saponins
from Maesa lanceolata.
have been reported from the plant (Englert et al.
The triterpenoid saponins
occurring in Panax Ginseng are known to have psychoactive properties and therefore there is a possibility that other triterpenoid saponins
found in the Carophyllaceae family may also have psychoactive properties that requires further research.
Recent progress in the synthesis of naturally occurring triterpenoid saponins
from Pteleopsis suberosa stem bark, Phytochemistry: 67, 2623-2629 (2006).