nitrate

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Related to Trinitrate: glyceryl, trinitite

nitrate

 [ni´trāt]
any salt or ester of nitric acid; organic nitrates are used in the treatment of angina pectoris and as preservatives in meat products. Some individuals have sensitivity to nitrates and may suffer from headache, diarrhea, or urticaria after ingesting them.

ni·trate

(nī'trāt),
A salt of nitric acid.

nitrate

/ni·trate/ (ni´trāt) any salt of nitric acid; organic nitrates are used in the treatment of angina pectoris.

nitrate

[nī′trāt]
Etymology: Gk, nitron, soda
1 the ion NO3-.
2 a salt of nitric acid.

ni·trate

(nī'trāt)
A salt of nitric acid.

nitrate

any salt of nitric acid. High intakes by animals may occur when they eat large quantities of lush herbage that has been heavily fertilized with a nitrogen fertilizer such as potassium or ammonium nitrate. It can also occur after a long drought during which nitrification bacteria accumulate large amounts of nitrate in the soil and the first growth after the drought breaks may also be toxic.
Pigs fed on food residues may ingest potassium nitrate used in meat curing when their swill contains butcher's residues.

nitrate explosives
nitroglycerin and others used to blast out water holes and left in the hole may cause subsequent nitrate poisoning.
nitrate poisoning
unusual unless animals get access to unguarded fertilizer or butcher shop residue containing potassium nitrate. Causes gastroenteritis with diarrhea and vomiting. Long-term, low level intake thought to cause abortion in cattle. Chief importance is as a constituent of ruminant diet and its conversion in the rumen to nitrite causing nitrite poisoning.
nitrate reduction test
a biochemical reaction used in the identification of bacteria, particularly mycobacteria. It is based on the reduction of nitrate to nitrite and/or the release of nitrogen gas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Digital vascular response to topical glyceryl trinitrate as measured by laser Doppler imaging in primary Raynaud's phenomenon and systemic sclerosis.
Randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial of a new topical glyceryl trinitrate patch for chronic lateral epicondylosis.
Arrest of preterm labour and prolongation of gestation with glyceryl trinitrate, a nitric oxide donor.
Topical application of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment to the anal rim temporarily reduces resting anal sphincter pressure and promotes healing of fissures whilst minimising the risk of incontinence; however nitroglycerine has a significant risk of headaches.
Three-year followup study of topical glyceryl trinitrate treatment of chronic non-insertional Achilles tendinopathy.
Endothelium independent vasodilatation induced by nitroglycerin (GTN %): Subsequently, a third measurement was made immediately following sublingual administration of 400 [micro]g glyceril trinitrate spray to induce endothelium-independent vasodilatation.
The bomb found in Britain was hidden in a Hewlett Packard printer and contained 400 grams of the highly potent explosive pentaerythritol trinitrate (PETN), with the Dubai package holding 300 grams, a German government source said.
The bomb was said to contain pentaerythritol trinitrate (PETN), a highly potent explosive which is difficult to detect in security screenings.
bound airliner on Christmas Day 2009, involved the use of pentaerythritol trinitrate (PETN) -- a highly potent explosive that appears to be AQAP's weapon of choice.
FBF responses to intra-arterial acetylcholine (ACh) and glycerol trinitrate (GTN) were measured before and after 21 days of intravenous treatment with 600 mg alpha-lipoic acid or placebo.