nitrate

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Related to Trinitrate: glyceryl, trinitite

nitrate

 [ni´trāt]
any salt or ester of nitric acid; organic nitrates are used in the treatment of angina pectoris and as preservatives in meat products. Some individuals have sensitivity to nitrates and may suffer from headache, diarrhea, or urticaria after ingesting them.

ni·trate

(nī'trāt),
A salt of nitric acid.

nitrate

/ni·trate/ (ni´trāt) any salt of nitric acid; organic nitrates are used in the treatment of angina pectoris.

nitrate

[nī′trāt]
Etymology: Gk, nitron, soda
1 the ion NO3-.
2 a salt of nitric acid.

ni·trate

(nī'trāt)
A salt of nitric acid.

nitrate

any salt of nitric acid. High intakes by animals may occur when they eat large quantities of lush herbage that has been heavily fertilized with a nitrogen fertilizer such as potassium or ammonium nitrate. It can also occur after a long drought during which nitrification bacteria accumulate large amounts of nitrate in the soil and the first growth after the drought breaks may also be toxic.
Pigs fed on food residues may ingest potassium nitrate used in meat curing when their swill contains butcher's residues.

nitrate explosives
nitroglycerin and others used to blast out water holes and left in the hole may cause subsequent nitrate poisoning.
nitrate poisoning
unusual unless animals get access to unguarded fertilizer or butcher shop residue containing potassium nitrate. Causes gastroenteritis with diarrhea and vomiting. Long-term, low level intake thought to cause abortion in cattle. Chief importance is as a constituent of ruminant diet and its conversion in the rumen to nitrite causing nitrite poisoning.
nitrate reduction test
a biochemical reaction used in the identification of bacteria, particularly mycobacteria. It is based on the reduction of nitrate to nitrite and/or the release of nitrogen gas.
References in periodicals archive ?
Glyceryl trinitrate and ritodrine in tocolysis: an international multicenter randomized study.
Table 2 demonstrates the CIMT, brachial artery diameter at rest, brachial artery diameter after cuff release, FAD %, brachial artery diameter after sublingual glyceril trinitrate administration, and ISTN % values in the study and the control groups.
2007) Three-year followup study of topical glyceryl trinitrate treatment of chronic noninsertional Achilles tendinopathy.
A randomized controlled trial of topical glyceryl trinitrate before transrectal ultrasonography-guided biopsy of prostate.
The key to both pain relief and healing is to relax that muscle spasm so I prescribed him some glyceryl trinitrate (or GTN) ointment.
The committe heard that while in charge of the hospital's intensive care unit in 1997, Carpouron administered glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), which treats angina, to a patient instead of heparin, a blood-thinning agent.
41) Generally well--tolerated, sildenafil is nonetheless contraindicated in patients receiving nitric oxide donor drugs, isosorbide mononitrate (ISMN) or glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) for angina, as it potentiates the hypotensive effects of nitrates.
Having on hand some 10 or 11 tons of dinitrotoluene, he determined to trinitrate it.
Half a group of 80 randomly selected patients with chronic anal fissure was given glyceryl trinitrate (GTN) ointment to apply to the lower anal canal twice a day.
4] nm) in aqueous HCOOH (29) and cellulose trinitrate (810 [+ or -] 50 x [10.
Pearl Scot is a blend of nitrocotton and glycerol trinitrate plus a graphite coating.
Five milligrams of glycerine trinitrate or nitroglycerine placed under the tongue can act both as a prophylactic and as a therapeutic treatment for the pain of angina pectoris during intercourse (Heslinga, 1974; Massie et al.