trillium

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birthroot

Herbal medicine
A perennial plant, the roots of which contain saponins (e.g., diosgenin) and volatile oils; it is antiseptic and astringent, and has been used for bites and dermal irritation, gastrointestinal complaints (e.g., haemorrhage and diarrhoea) and to stop postpartum haemorrhage.

tril·li·um

(tril'ē-ŭm)
(T. erectum) A member of the lily family; purported value as antiseptic and astringent; used historically in wound care.
Synonym(s): beth root, coughroot, jew's harp plant, stinking benjamin.
[L., fr. tri-, three, threefold]
References in periodicals archive ?
Morphological variation and female reproductive success in two sympatric Trillium species: evidence for phenotypic selection in Trillium erectum and Trillium grandiflorum (Liliaceae).
Ant-Mediated Seed Dispersal Alters Pattern of Relatedness in a Population of Trillium grandiflorum. Ecology, 80:2620-2634.
Stigmatic self-incompatibility and mating patterns in Trillium grandiflorum and Trillium erectum (Melanthiaceae).
Density-dependent pollinator visitation and self-incompatibility in upper Great Lakes populations of Trillium grandiflorum. J.
Trillium grandiflorum is patchily distributed in the understory of Long Woods, with patch sizes ranging from a few to [greater than]2000 individuals.
Both the single locus estimate [t.sub.s] = 0.998 (SE = 0.061) and the multilocus estimate [t.sub.m] = 1.050 (SE = 0.056) of the outcrossing rate indicate that this population of Trillium grandiflorum is highly outcrossing.
Ultimate fitness consequences of animal-mediated seed dispersal in Trillium grandiflorum
Chromosome variation and evolution in Trillium grandiflorum. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 22:81-91.