(22) Most trichothecene
mycotoxins are produced from Fusarium species.
Omurtag, "Fumonisins, trichothecenes
and zearalenone in cereals," International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol.
Tumer, "Elimination of damaged mitochondria through mitophagy reduces mitochondrial oxidative stress and increases tolerance to trichothecenes
," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.
Determination of macrocyclic trichothecenes
in mouldy indoor materials by LCMS/MS.
(2014) Incidence of aflatoxins, fumonisins, trichothecenes
and ochratoxins in Nigerian foods and possible intervention strategies.
It also reduces the quality of the grain by contaminating it with harmful mycotoxins such as the trichothecenes
rendering it unsafe for human and livestock consumption.
Deoxynivalenol is a trichothecenes
which is a large group of sesquiterpenoid antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis in eukaryotes also referred to as vomitoxin.
Ribosomal inactivation can also alter ER functions, and some chemical ribosomal inactivators such as trichothecenes
, verotoxins, or ricin enhance unfolded protein responses that contribute to proinflammatory cytokine production and apoptosis-linked tissue injuries [54-56].
Co-occurrence of type-A and type-B trichothecenes
in barley from a northern region of Spain.
The toxic compounds in mio-mio macrocyclic trichothecenes
, including roridin A, D, and E, verrucarin A and J, and mycotoxin A (BUSAM et al., 1985)--likely condition an aversion.
Contamination with other mycotoxins, such as zearalenone (ZON), ochratoxin A (OTA), and trichothecenes
, is low.