Trichomonas vaginalis

(redirected from Trichomonas vaginitis)

Trich·o·mo·nas va·gi·na·'lis

a species frequently found in the vagina and urethra of women (in whom it causes trichomoniasis vaginitis) and in the urethra and prostate gland of men (the only known natural hosts); considerable differences in pathogenicity exist among various strains of this species.

Trichomonas vaginalis

Etymology: Gk, thrix + monas + L, vagina, sheath
a motile protozoan parasite that causes vaginitis with a copious malodorous discharge and pruritus. See also trichomoniasis.

Trich·o·mo·nas vag·i·na·lis

(trik'ō-mō'năs vaj-i-nā'lis)
A species of parasitic protozoan flagellates frequently found in the vagina and urethra of women, in whom it causes trichomonal vaginitis, and in the urethra and prostate gland of men.
Enlarge picture
TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS (arrow) AND BACTERIA IN VAGINAL SMEAR (×1000)

Trichomonas vaginalis

A species found in the vagina that produces discharge. T. vaginalis is fairly common in women, esp. during pregnancy or following vaginal surgery. It is sometimes found in the male urethra and may be transmitted through sexual intercourse. See: illustration; colpitis macularis

Symptoms

T. vaginalis causes persistent burning, redness, and itching of the vulvar tissue associated with a profuse vaginal discharge that may be frothy or malodorous or both. Occasionally, infection with T. vaginalis is asymptomatic.

Treatment

Metronidazole (Flagyl) is taken orally by the woman and her sexual partner. The drug is contraindicated during the first trimester of pregnancy because of potential damage to the developing fetus; clotrimazole vaginal suppositories provide symptomatic relief during the first 12 weeks of gestation.

CAUTION!

Alcohol should not be consumed during metronidazole therapy.
See also: Trichomonas
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 4 analyzes detailed categories of misinterpretation of HSIL within the PAP-Edu program, including LSIL, NILM, reparative changes, Trichomonas vaginitis, cellular changes consistent with herpes simplex virus, atrophic vaginitis, fungal organisms consistent with Candida species, and follicular cervicitis.
301041 only, 140 ea of urine specimen collection kit for male and female urine specimens, 50 kits per box, assay for chlamydia trachomatis and neisseria gonorrhoeae and trichomonas vaginitis, aptima, cat.
The detection rates of trichomonas vaginitis infection are about 1.
Trichomonas vaginitis was ruled out since there was not a pH [is greater than] 4.
Trichomonas vaginitis, which is sometimes called "trick," is the third most frequent vaginal infection.
Trichomonas vaginitis is also treated with metroindazole, taken by mouth.
The 11 randomized cases included diagnoses of endometrial adenocarcinoma (SP); low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (TP and SP); high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (TP and SP); atypical squamous cells, cannot rule out high-grade lesion (SP); atrophic vaginitis (SP); Trichomonas vaginitis (TP); herpes (TP); adenocarcinoma in situ (SP); and negative for intraepithelial lesion and malignancy with bacterial shift (SP).
Symptomatic patients were more likely to have a history of Trichomonas vaginitis (odds ratio = 4.