Trichomonas vaginalis


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Trich·o·mo·nas va·gi·na·'lis

a species frequently found in the vagina and urethra of women (in whom it causes trichomoniasis vaginitis) and in the urethra and prostate gland of men (the only known natural hosts); considerable differences in pathogenicity exist among various strains of this species.

Trichomonas vaginalis

Etymology: Gk, thrix + monas + L, vagina, sheath
a motile protozoan parasite that causes vaginitis with a copious malodorous discharge and pruritus. See also trichomoniasis.

Trich·o·mo·nas vag·i·na·lis

(trik'ō-mō'năs vaj-i-nā'lis)
A species of parasitic protozoan flagellates frequently found in the vagina and urethra of women, in whom it causes trichomonal vaginitis, and in the urethra and prostate gland of men.
Enlarge picture
TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS (arrow) AND BACTERIA IN VAGINAL SMEAR (×1000)

Trichomonas vaginalis

A species found in the vagina that produces discharge. T. vaginalis is fairly common in women, esp. during pregnancy or following vaginal surgery. It is sometimes found in the male urethra and may be transmitted through sexual intercourse. See: illustration; colpitis macularis

Symptoms

T. vaginalis causes persistent burning, redness, and itching of the vulvar tissue associated with a profuse vaginal discharge that may be frothy or malodorous or both. Occasionally, infection with T. vaginalis is asymptomatic.

Treatment

Metronidazole (Flagyl) is taken orally by the woman and her sexual partner. The drug is contraindicated during the first trimester of pregnancy because of potential damage to the developing fetus; clotrimazole vaginal suppositories provide symptomatic relief during the first 12 weeks of gestation.

CAUTION!

Alcohol should not be consumed during metronidazole therapy.
See also: Trichomonas
References in periodicals archive ?
3%), and Trichomonas vaginalis in 6 female patients (Table 1).
Evaluation of XenoStripTv, a rapid diagnostic test for Trichomonas vaginalis infection.
Infection with Trichomonas vaginalis increases the risk of HIV-1 acquisition.
Viability of Trichomonas vaginalis in urine: epidemiologic and clinical implications.
Deteccion de Chlamydia trachomatis, esporos micoticos y Trichomonas vaginalis en mujeres en edad fertil que acuden a los Hospitales San Pablo y Regional de San Lorenzo.
Prostatitis caused by Trichomonas vaginalis is more often found in young sexually active men with frequent episodes of urethritis (15, 21).
Association of Trichomonas vaginalis and cytological abnormalities of the cervix in low risk women.
trachomatis (Personal communication, S Garg, Professor of Pharmaceutical Science, School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, 30 September 2014) and the protozoal pathogen Trichomonas vaginalis, responsible for an estimated 160 million new infections annually.
La prevalencia de Trichomonas vaginalis fue mas baja que la reportada en estudios previos en los que las cifras han oscilado entre 1,8% (29) y 27% (30), aunque las prevalencias por grupo etario coinciden con investigaciones que han reportado una mayor ocurrencia en adolescentes y adultos jovenes (29, 30).
Trichomoniasis is an infection of the genital tract by the organism Trichomonas vaginalis.
En 1836, Alfred Donne describio el parasito que hoy se conoce como Trichomonas vaginalis como "animaliculos" presentes en secreciones genitourinarias humanas.
The urogenital protozoan Trichomonas vaginalis was first recognized nearly 2 centuries ago by the French clinician, researcher, and microscopist Donne.