The ITT involved superimposing an electrically stimulated doublet with an inter-pulse interval of 10 ms (100 Hz) in the relaxed dominant triceps surae
muscle, at 2.5 s after the onset of a 4-s MVIC of triceps surae
, and 5 s after the MVIC (potentiated twitch) (Girard et al., 2012).
In the chronic stage of capsular hemiplegia, H reflex and even the tendon reflex are elicited in pretibial muscles in addition to hyperactive tendon reflex with ankle clonus in the triceps surae
Given that differences in recruitment of the triceps surae
and flexor hallucis longus are likely between dancers and non-dancers, it would be beneficial to continue to investigate this relationship.
 proposed that soft tissue anchors may be a better option for fixation of tendon to the calcaneus in the surgical management of Achilles tendon ruptures, as screw fixation alone is not effective in resisting the massive pull out tension of the triceps surae
. In this technique, the author does not specify if the bony fragment is excised or incorporated into the repair.
Clinical examination did not reveal any changes in the motor function of the peroneal and triceps surae
The triceps surae
(I) and rectus femoris (S) muscles were readily available to produce either ankle plantar flexion or rapid hip flexion to drive the COM posteriorly.
To assess the presence of laterality between conditions and loads, combined EMG activity of the triceps surae
muscles within the same leg was compared using a 5 x 3 univariate ANOVA (P=0.05).
However, tight controls over many exercise parameters such as comfortable body support, isolation of the triceps surae
muscle group, controlled range of motion, and measurement of work and power are lacking.
Our results also differed from those of previous studies that investigated the effects of DS on the triceps surae
(Mizuno, 2017; Mizuno and Umemura, 2016).
Lefaucheur, "Interest of peripheral anesthetic blocks as a diagnosis and prognosis tool in patients with spastic equinus foot: a clinical and electrophysiological study of the effects of block of nerve branches to the triceps surae
muscle," Clinical Neurophysiology, vol.
The effects of fatigue on balance (1, 8), maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) of the triceps surae
muscles (3), and spinal reflexes (Hoffman reflex or H-reflex) (3, 6, 7) have been documented.
The muscle force of the GM was estimated by multiplying the measured torque by the relative contribution of the physiological cross-sectional area of the GM (18%) within the plantar flexor muscles (Kubo et al., 2002; Mahieu et al., 2009), and dividing by the moment arm (MA) of the triceps surae
muscle, which was individually measured by tape measure as the distance between the malleolus lateralis and the Achilles tendon at rest at neutral ankle position (90[degrees]) (Konrad and Tilp, 2014a; Konrad and Tilp, 2014b; Konrad et al., 2015).