(redirected from Triatomines)
Also found in: Encyclopedia.


A subfamily of insects (family Reduviidae, suborder Heteroptera) that are vertebrate bloodsuckers and include such important disease vector species as Panstrongylus, Rhodnius, and Triatoma; they are commonly called conenose or kissing bugs.
References in periodicals archive ?
Phylogenetic approach to the study of triatomines (Triatominae, Heteroptera).
Collected adult triatomines and first and fifth instars were identified according to Lent and Wygodzinsky (13).
1994 Lice Tonn and Arnold 1965 Triatomine bugs Zeledon 1953, 1955, 1956a, 1965, Zeledon and Vargas 1955, Zeledon and Vieto, 1957b, Zeledon and Morua 1963, Cirano and Zeledon 1964, Marinkelle 1965, 1967, 1982, Zeledon and Blanco 1965, Trejos and Hernandez 1966, Herrera et al.
8%, followed by the raccoon (Procyon lotor), found in nearly 30% of triatomines (Figure).
cruzi to dogs, considering the diversity of triatomine vectors, reservoir hosts, and previous documentation of canine disease (5,7).
Also, triatomines can survive for months in harvested crops; thus, multiple hygiene interventions are potentially necessary along the food production line (14).
In Arizona, humans may be at a greater risk for vectorial transmission of the disease than previously thought because human populations are rapidly expanding into habitats where infected triatomines (20-22) and wild mammalian reservoirs such as packrats, mice, armadillos, raccoons, and opossums (23-27) are plentiful.
Oral transmission occurs by consumption of foods contaminated with triatomines or their feces or by consumption of raw meat from infected mammalian sylvatic hosts (3).
In the Brazilian Amazon region, where domiciled triatomines have not been reported, human cases of Chagas disease have been increasing (2).
His book includes information on diseases transmitted by mosquitoes, ticks, rodents, mites, sandflies, fleas, lice, biting midges, diptera, triatomines, and cockroaches.