triglyceride

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triglyceride

 [tri-glis´er-īd]
a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids bound with one molecule of glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.



Elevated serum triglycerides are now considered as important as high cholesterol levels in the development of ischemic heart disease. The normal range for serum triglycerides is 0 to 160 mg/100 ml.

tri·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(trī-as'il-glis'ĕr-ol),
Glycerol esterified at each of its three hydroxyl groups by a fatty (aliphatic) acid; for example, tristearoylglycerol.
Synonym(s): triglyceride

triglyceride

/tri·glyc·er·ide/ (-glis´er-īd) a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acid esterified to glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.

triglyceride

(trī-glĭs′ə-rīd′)
n.
A naturally occurring ester of three fatty acids and glycerol that is the chief constituent of fats and oils.

triglyceride

[trīglis′ərīd]
a simple fat compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acid (e.g., oleic, palmitic, or stearic) and glycerol. Triglycerides make up most animal and vegetable fats and are the principal lipids in the blood, where they circulate within lipoproteins. The total amount of triglyceride and the amount, proportion, and kinds of lipoproteins are important in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases and conditions, including diabetes, hypertension, and heart disease. Normally the total amount of triglyceride in the blood does not exceed 200 to 300 mg/dL. For improved metabolic health and protection to the heart and blood vessels, the American Heart Association recommends an optimum fasting triglyceride level of 100 mg/dL.

triglyceride  

Triacylglycerol A long chain fatty acid ester of glycerol; TGs constitute 95% of fat by weight, and are the major form of stored lipids ↑ in Acute MI, alcoholic cirrhosis, untreated DM, high carbohydrate diet, certain forms of hyperlipoproteinemia, HTN, hypothyroidism, nephrotic syndrome, pregnancy, OCs, estrogens ↓ in Congenital β-lipoproteinemia, hyperthyroidism, malnutrition, vigorous exercise, therapy with ascorbic acid, clofibrate, metformin, phenformin. See Medium chain triglyceride. Cf Cholesterol.

tri·ac·yl·glyc·er·ol

(trī-as'il-glis'ĕr-ol)
Glycerol esterified at each of its three hydroxyl groups by a fatty (aliphatic) acid.
Synonym(s): triglyceride.

triglyceride

see FAT.

Triglyceride

A substance formed in the body from fat in the diet. Triglycerides are the main fatty materials in the blood. Together with protein, they make up high- and low-density lipoproteins (HDLs and LDLs). Triglyceride levels are important in the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases including high blood pressure, diabetes, and heart disease.

triglyceride

glycerol with an esterified fatty acid at each of three hydroxyl (OH-) groups

triglyceride

a compound consisting of three molecules of fatty acids bound with one molecule of glycerol; a neutral fat that is the usual storage form of lipids in animals.

triglyceride absorption test
see fat absorption test.
triglyceride lipase
medium-chain triglyceride (MCT)
short and medium length chain fatty acids (containing four to 12 carbon atoms) are much more rapidly digested than those with long chains. Coconut oil contains a high proportion of medium-chain triglycerides and may be used in the diet of dogs with malabsorption syndrome.

Patient discussion about triglyceride

Q. Improving High Triglycerides I take Tricor for high triglyceride levels; I have a healthy level of total cholesterol, with low LDL, very good HDL. I am now being treated for hypothyroidism, but my doctor says that it's also genetic (I had almost the exact same level number as my brother). How can I work to get my triglycerides under control?

A. High level of triglycerides are generally both genetic and diet related. If you are consuming a high fat containing diet then your level of triglycerides will be increased. On the other hand, regardless of your good cholesterol levels, if you start lowering the amount of fat in your food (less oil, less sweets, less red meat) and combine it with physical activity you can lower your triglycerides level, especially if you are already on medications.

More discussions about triglyceride
References in periodicals archive ?
Lipids in the body Lipid Structure Role Triacylglycerides or Glycerol molecule Main form of energy triglycerides (TG) with three fatty storage acid chains attached Sterols, 4-ring core Essential component eg cholesterol structure with of cell membranes attached molecules Precursor molecule for steroid hormones Phospholipids Glycerol molecule Main component of with two fatty acids cell mem branes and a phosphate group attached free fatty acids Long carbon chain Attaches to other with oxygen and lipids for energy hydrogen attached storage Can be saturated or Structural elements unsaturated and formation of signalling molecules in body (eg arachidonic acid forms prostaglandins) Table 2.
1 and 2 recorded the concentrations of cholesterol, triacylglycerides, HDL (High Density Lipoproteins) and LDL (Low Density Lipoproteins) in blood serum of piglets from control and treated groups subsequently after the application of sage and oregano essential oils into feed.
Data such as total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), triacylglycerides, fasting blood glucose collected prior to each and every three to four months scheduled visit with the provider.
Thus, we are tempted to speculate that reductions in plasma lipid levels and in hepatic triacylglyceride concentrations by PAG ameliorated insulin resistance.
Changes in plasma lipoprotein cholesterol and triacylglyceride concentrations in rats fed different experimental diets for 4 weeks (a) Diet (b) Control 5% adlay oil HDL-cholesterol 29.
cholesterol metabolites, triacylglycerides, phosphatidylcholines, lysophosphatidylcholines, and sphingolipids.
Their mini softgel offers 300 mg of pure DHA triacylglycerides with claims that will target cross continental applications in medical foods, liver structure function and pregnancy nursing care.
Molecular Interactions of Triacylglycerides in Blends of Cocoa Butter with trans-free Vegetable Oils
Among the topics are the structure and composition of chocolate and cocoa butter, the influence of symmetry and chain length mismatch in the phase behavior of saturated triacylglycerides, polymorphism and mixing phase behavior of major triacylglycerols of cocoa butter, causes of bloom in confections and best manufacturing practices to minimize it, effects of minor components on cocoa butter polymorphism and kinetics of crystallization, the impact of cocoa butter origin on crystal behavior, studying molecular interactions in fats with synchrotron radiation microbeam X-ray diffraction, milk fat and cocoa butter, enzymatic and other modification techniques to produce cocoa butter alternatives, and confectionery fats.
This alternative fuel consists of methyl or ethyl esters, a result of either transesterification of triacylglycerides (TG) or esterification of free fatty acids (FFAs) (Maa & Hannab, 1999).